Ch 19 - Cancer Medicine Terminology Flashcards Preview

Biomedical Terminology > Ch 19 - Cancer Medicine Terminology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 19 - Cancer Medicine Terminology Deck (40):
1

alveol/o

small sac

ex. alveolar - p. growth of tumors and sacs

2

cac/o

bad

ex. cachexia - state of ill health and malnutrition

3

carcin/o

cancer, cancerous

ex. carcinoma in situ - localized tumor growth

4

cauter/o

burn, heat

ex. electrocauterization - burning of tissue to destroy it

5

chem/o

chemical, drug

ex. chemotherapy - chemical treatment/treatment using drugs

6

cry/o

cold

ex. cryosurgery - procedure to destroy tissue using cold temperatures

7

cyst/o

sac of fluid

ex. cystic tumor - tumor with fluid filled

8

fibr/o

fibers

ex. fibrosarcoma - malignant tumor of the fiber cells

9

follicul/o

small glandular sacs

ex. follicular - description of tumor growing in gland sacs

10

fung/i

fungus, mushroom

ex. fungating tumor - tumor that grows outward from a base

11

medull/o

soft, inner part

ex. medullary tumor - description of a large soft tumor

12

mucos/o

mucous membrane

ex. mucositis - inflammation of the mucous membrane

13

mut/a

genetic change

ex. mutation - process of genetic change

14

mutagen/o

causing genetic change

ex. mutagenic - p. causing genetic change

15

necr/o

death

ex. necrotic tumor - tumor containing dead cells

16

neur/o

nerve

ex. neurofibromatosis - tumor that surrounds the nerve cell

17

onc/o

tumor

ex. oncology - study of tumors

18

paill/o

nipple-like

ex. papillary - tumor that grows in a finger like pattern

19

plas/o

formation

ex. dysplastic - p. abnormal growth of cells

20

ple/o

many, more

ex. pleomorphic - tumor with variety of cells

21

polyp/o

polyp

ex. polypoid tumor - a tumor that grows outward from a base

22

prot/o

first

ex. protocol - a written plan detailing the procedures to be followed in research or treatment

23

radi/o

rays

ex. radiation - treatment using x-rays

24

sarc/o

flesh, connective tissue

ex. osteosarcoma - malignant tumor of the flesh of the bone

25

scirrh/o

hard

ex. scirrhous - densely packed tumor

26

xer/o

dry

ex. xerostomia - condition of dryness of the mouth

27

-blastoma

immature tumor

ex. retinoblastoma - tumor of the retina of the eye

28

-genesis

formation

ex. carcinogenesis - formation of cancer

29

-oma

mass, tumor

ex. adenocarcinoma - cancerous tumor of the glandular tissue

30

-plasia

formation, growth

ex. hyperplasia - excessive growth

31

-plasm

formation, growth

ex. neoplasm - new growth

32

-suppression

to stop

ex. myelosuppression - to stop growth of bone marrow tissue

33

-therapy

treatment

ex. radiotherapy - treatment using x-rays

34

ana-

backward

ex. anaplasia - reversion of a cell/backward formation of a cell

35

apo-

off, away

ex. apoptosis - programmed cell death

36

brachy-

short (distance)

ex. brachytherapy - radiation treatment delivered in close range to tumor site

37

epi-

upon

ex. epidermoid - microscopic description of tumor cells that resemble epidermal tissue

38

meta-

beyond; change

ex. metastasis - beyond control

39

neo-

new

ex. neoadjuvant - new aid in therapy

40

tele-

far

ex. teletherapy - radiation delivered far away from tumor site