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Flashcards in Ch 2 Deck (22):
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A process of behavior modification in which an innate response to a potent biological stimulus becomes expressed in response to a previously neutral stimulus

Classical conditioning

1

A response that becomes associated with a previously unrelated stimulus as a result of pairing the stimulus with another stimulus normally yielding the response

Conditioned response

2

A previously neutral stimulus that eventually comes to evoke a response

Conditioned stimulus

3

An operant conditioning principle in which an organism is reinforced every single time that organism provides the appropriate response

Continuous reinforcement

4

When we learn to respond only to the original stimulus & not the other stimuli

Discrimination

5

When operant behavior that has been previously reinforced no longer produces reinforcing consequences, the behavior gradually stops reoccurring

Extinction

6

Reinforcement contingent on response following time intervals

Fixed-interval schedule

7

Reinforcement after a certain number of responses

Fixed-ratio schedule

8

The tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses after the response has been conditioned

Generalization

9

Highest order conditioning: 1st order:

Normal stimuli 1 >> no response
Normal stimuli 1 + unconditioned stimulus >> unconditioned response
Conditioned stimulus 1 > conditioned response

10

2nd order conditioning

Conditioned stimuli 1 + normal stimuli 2 >> conditioned response
Conditioned stimuli 2 >> conditioned response

11

Increase response by removing negative stimuli

Negative reinforcement

12

A stimulus that provoked no response besides grabbing attention

Neutral stimulus

13

Always increases response through positive stimulus

Positive reinforcement

14

Decrease response by presenting positive stimulus

Punishment 1

15

Decrease response by presenting negative stimulus

Punishment 2

16

Learning by seeing or being instructed (you don't have to even practice it)

Social learning theory

17

The re-emerging of a previously extinguished conditioned response after delay

Spontaneous recovery

18

An unlearned response to a stimuli

Unconditioned response

19

Thing that produces response but only after learning has occurred

Unconditioned stimulus

20

Slow, steady response pattern

Variable-interval schedule

21

Reinforcement done after changing number of responses

Variable-ratio schedule