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Flashcards in Ch 2-4 Deck (89):
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First permanent English settlement, founded by the London Company

Jamestown

1

Business enterprise that enabled investors to pool money for commercial trading activity and funding for sustaining colonies.

Joint-stock company

2

What were some reasons for new world settlement ?

Population increase, crime, religious prosecution, pardoned from jail

3

Who was Jamestown named after?

King James I

4

What was the male to female ratio in Jamestown?

6:1

5

Why did the original settlers choose the Chesapeake region to settle?

Because it provided good protection from possible attacks (Indians and Spanish)

6

What were disadvantages of settling in the Chesapeake region?

Marshy, contaminated with salt water, disease

7

Who instilled reforms, does away with privileges, trades with the natives,maps the colonies and ultimately saves Jamestown? (Hint: he was rescued by pocohantes)

Captain John Smith

8

System of land distribution in which settlers were granted a fifty acre plot of land for each servant or dependent they brought to the new world. Encourages new world settlement

Headright System

9

Who discovered tobacco and married pocohantes ?

John Rolf

10

Who established the headright system?

Sandys

11

Individuals agreed to serve a master for a set number of years in exchange for the cost of transportation to America. Dominant form of labor before slavery in Chesapeake colonies

Indentured Servitude

12

An elective representative assembly in Virginia. First example of representative government in the English colonies

House of Burgesses

13

Who settled Maryland?

George Calvert

14

Why did King Charles grant the land in Maryland?

To use it as a safe haven for persecuted Catholics

15

Tried to purify Church of England while staying within the church

Puritans

16

Wanted to separate from the Church of England

Pilgrims

17

Where did the Pilgrims flee to after first leaving Scrooby Manor?

Holland

18

Why did the Pilgrims leave holland ?

They felt they were losing their customs

19

Governed Plymouth , wrote "Of Plymouth Plantation"

William Bradford

20

The concept that the settlers of a newly organized territory have the right to decide through voting whether or not to accept slavery.

Popular sovereignty

21

An agreement among the pilgrims aboard the Mayflower to create a civil government at Plymouth Colony

The Mayflower Compact

22

What date was the Mayflower Compact signed ?

November 11, 1620

23

What was the name of the Indian who welcomed the pilgrims? He had earlier escaped Europe and spoke perfect English

Squanto

24

What skills did the Native Americans teach the pilgrims?

Fishing, hunting , farming

25

This region formed the second frontier as people moved towards Americas a interior.

Backcountry

26

Teaching emphasizing predestination, accepted by the puritans

Calvinism

27

What was King Charles worst mistake, that may have cost him his life?

He disbanded parliament in 1629

28

Leader and Governor of Massachusetts Bay, thought his colony would shine has a beacon of righteousness

John Winthrop

29

Men who owned land and belonged to the church, we're eligible to vote

Freeman

30

First code of laws in English in the New World

Laws and Liberties

31

Extreme Separatist who criticized New England leaders for stealing Native land

Roger Williams

32

Anti law

Antinomianism

33

Anti law, believed colonies had lost touch with scripture, banished from NE colonies

Anne Hutchinson

34

Where we're you banished to if expelled from NE?

Rhode Island

35

Who was the Puritan ruler who ruled during the 10 year period before Charles II was restored to power?

Oliver Cromwell

36

Why was James II overthrown in 1688?

His religious tolerance

37

Who took New Netherlands and New Sweden from the Dutch

Henry Hudson

38

He believed everyone was equal. Obtains the Royal land Grant for Pennsylvania in 1685. He had good relationships with the natives

William Penn

39

Barbados population moves here

Port of Charles

40

British General who tried to populate Georgia for fear of Spanish frontier

James Oglethorpe

41

This was the main job of a slave in the north

House servant

42

Farmer society

Agrarian

43

New England obsession with family

Tribalism

44

What was the men to woman ratio in New England

3:2

45

Why was Harvard established by New England colonists in 1639?

To train ministers

46

When were elementary schools required in New England?

If a village had 15 or more families

47

What was the New England children's main source of reading?

New England Primer

48

This allows children to be baptized if the grandparents had been baptized, established in 1662

Half way covenant

49

Why did NE women join the church more often than men?

Because of risk of pregnancy and a harder life in general

50

Independent farmers

Yeoman

51

What percent of Chesapeake was indentured servants?

80%

52

Only 1/3 of marriages lasted how many years?

10

53

Why was education not a big priority in Chesapeake ?

Many children didn't survive into adulthood, no point in educating them

54

What was the Capitol of Chesapeake?

Williamsburg

55

What year did slaves first come to Virginia ?

1619

56

1739, 150 slaves try to flee from South Carolina to Florida

Stono Rebellion

57

An economic theory that shaped colonial policies. Based on the theory that in order to increase wealth, a nation needed to export more goods than it imported

Mercantilism

58

Who coined the term "mercantilism"

Adam smith

59

What was the name of Adam Smiths book in which he first used the term mercantilism?

The Wealth of Nations

60

Act that said that only ships made in England or the English colonies could trade with the colonies. Certain enumerated goods could only be trade with England or the English colonies.

Navigation act of 1660

61

Act that says that all imports to the colonies must pass through England directly, resulting in a higher price on goods for the colonists.

Staple act (1663)

62

Who was appointed the new governor of New England by James II to enforce the Navigation Acts?

Sir Edmund Andros

63

Wanted in on the fur trade, led a rebellion that ultimately leads to the destruction of Jamestown

Nathaniel bacon

64

Who signed the English Bill of Rights?

William and Mary

65

A black slave who gained his freedom and went on to be a successful plantation owner

Anthony Johnson

66

Largest group of non England settlers in he 1800s, settled in the backcountry

Scotch Irish

67

Successful German farmers who migrated to Pennsylvania in the 1800s

Pennsylvania Dutch

68

Criminals sent to America in order to be pardoned from death penalty, way to repopulate colonies

Transportation act (1718)

69

Revolution in sciences , politics, and philosophy. Age of reason

Enlightenment

70

Says everyone has three inalienable rights, and it is the governments job to protect the rights of the people

John Locke

71

Lays groundwork for the constitution, wrote "The Spirit of Laws", comes up with idea for checks and balances and separation of powers

Montesquieu

72

Says everyone should have the right to free speech

Voltaire

73

Woman's rights activist

Mary Wollstonecraft

74

Most important enlightened thinker, man of science , politics , and religion

Ben Franklin

75

Preacher during the frat awakening, emotional preaching

Jonathan Edwards

76

A preacher who moved around

Iterant preacher

77

Famous Iterant preacher

George Whitfield

78

Why did the French Indian war start?

Both the English and French wanted control of the ohio river valley

79

George Washington leads 116 men in an attempt to push out the French to what fort?

Fort duquesne

80

What was the name of the fort that the English built after taking over the ohio river valley ?

Fort necessity

81

English General that planned to expel French

General Edward Braddock

82

English foreign minister who's strategy was to attack the French from Canada

William Pitt

83

What year did the French Indian war end?

1763

84

Him and a group of men seize a local fort in the name of William and Mary, the expect support but don't get any

Jacob Liesler

85

Orders leislure to surrender, declares him a rebel and sentences him to hanging

Henry Sloughter

86

Formed Protestant group/association

John Coode

87

Reports of dreams/visions in which people accused of being a whitch appeared as the devils agent. Valid evidence accepted in court

Spectral Evidence

88

Established European communities north of rio grande

Juan de Onate