Ch. 2 Flashcards Preview

Nutrition > Ch. 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 2 Deck (49):
1

the four characteristics of a healthful diet are adequacy, balance, moderation, and ____

variety

2

one teaspoon of salt contains about _____mg of sodium

2300mg

3

milk is a good source of calciu but a poor source of iron. meat is a good source of iron but a poor source of calcium. individuals who eat from boh of these food groups are incorporating what characteristic of a healthy diet into their meal plan.

balance

4

which of the following foods is exempt from standard food labeling regulation

meat

5

the information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2000 calories a day is called the ____

percent daily value

6

which of the following is not required on a food label

taste of the food

7

the government agency that regulates food labeling in the united states is the ____

us food and drug administration (FDA)

8

the government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the united states is the ____

us department of agriculture (USDA)

9

according to the food guide pyramid, which of the following foods is not a food that is considered to have discretionary calories

grapes

10

which of the following is not required on a food label

folic acid

11

A set of principles developed by the usda and the usdhhs to help reduce the risk of developing chronic disease is called

dietary guidelines for americans

12

the dietary guidelines for americans recommends a minimum of

30 min of moderate activity most or all days of the week

13

diets high in sugar are directly associated with

tooth decay

14

excess sodium in the diet is linked to _____ in some individuals

hypertension

15

diets low in sodium and high in potassium can reduce the risk of _____

hypertension

16

servings in the usda food guide are represented in _____

ounce-equivalents

17

why are there several ethnic variations of MyPyramid

to allow for culturally and ethnically different foods choices

18

which statement best describes nutrient density

consume foods that have the most nutrients for their calories

19

moderate alcohol consumption for men is defined as consuming no ________

more than two drinks per day

20

including fiber in you diet is beneficial to your gi tract, but consuming excess amounts of fiber can result in the loss of nutrients. this statement is an example of which of the factors to consider in planning diets?

moderation

21

the dietary guidelines for americans recommends consuming less than _____ mg of sodium/day

2300

22

which of the following statements does not describe the mediterranean style diet

the diet is lower in total fat that the typical western style diet

23

healthier fat sources include _____ and vegetable oils

nuts

24

what is represented at the base of the mediterranean diet and pyramid

daily physical activity

25

which of the following is a limitation of the usda food guide

the serving sizes do not always represent standard amounts of food that people buy

26

which of the following would not be a good practice for eating out healthfully

order cream based soups to increase your calcium intake

27

n adequate intake of _____ during pregnancy is associated with a decreased risk of neural tube defects in newborns

folate

28

the statement of identity on a food label indicates

the common and identifiable name of the food product

29

the label on a bag of potato chips indicates that one serving contains 250 calories with 150 calories from fat. what percent of calories come from fat

60

30

the dietary guidelines for americans recommends a total daily fat intake of between _____ percent of total calories

20-35

31

good food safety practices inclue all of the following except

thawing frozen food at room temperature on the kitchen counter

32

there are many types of diet plans available today. the overall best diet plan is one that

fits the lifestyle and needs of the individual

33

what characteristic describes the majority of meals offered at fast food restaurants

high in calories

34

a method for eating out healthfully is to

order any meat dish grilled or broiled and avoid fried or breaded meat dishes

35

nutrient _____ refers to the amount of nutrients compared with the amount of calories in a food

density

36

the nutrition _____ panel on a food package contains the nutrition information on that product

facts

37

required on all food products, a statement of _____ is a common name of the item that clearly describes its contents

identity

38

provided on the nutrition facts panel, the percent _____ values tells the consumer how much one serving contributes to the recommended overall daily intake of nutrients

daily

39

MyPyramid was eveloped by the united states department of _____

agriculture

40

consuming alcoholic beverages in moderation is defined as no more than _____ drink for women per day and no more than two drinks per day for men

one

41

serving sizes for the grains and beans section of the usda food guide are expressed in _____ equivalents

ounce

42

planning a meal that includes many different colored foods is a practical approach to eating a _____ of foods

variety

43

the dietary guidelins for americans recommend a minimum of _____ minutes of exercise per day

30

44

eating the right amount of foods o maintain a healthy weight is called

moderation

45

a ______ food is one that provides a health benefit beyond basic nutrition

functional

46

the dietary guidelines for americans recommend a total daily fat intake between 20-_____ percent of total daily energy intake

35

47

the term used in mypyramid that describes the extra caloreis on can consume after having met essential nutrient needs is _____

discretionary

48

naturally occurring chemicals found in plant foods that enhance health are called

phytochemicals

49

accumulating at least _____ minutes of moderate activity per day, most, or all days of the week will reduce the risk for chronic disease

30