Ch 2 Test 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 2 Test 1 Deck (13)
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Emphasizes the importance of adaptation, reproduction, and survival of the fittest in shaping behavior

Evolutionary psychology

1

Cellular reproduction in which the cells nucleus duplicates itself with two new cells being formed

Mitosis

2

A specialized form of cell division that occurs to form eggs and sperm

Meiosis

3

A person's genetic heritage; the actual genetic material

Genotype

4

The way an individual's genotype is expressed In observed and measurable characteristics

Phenotype

5

Occurs when genes have differing effects depending on whether they are inherited from the mother or the father

Genetic imprinting

6

Occurs Gwen most characteristics are determined by the interaction of many different genes

Poly genetic inheritance

7

A prenatal medical procedure in which high frequency sound waves are directed into the pregnancy woman's abdomen

Ultrasound sonography

8

Prenatal medical procedure in which a sample of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe and tested for chromosomal or metabolic disorders

Amniocentesis

9

Identifies pregnancies that have an elevated risk for birth defects such as spina bifida and Down syndrome

Material blood or triple screening

10

Focuses on the isolation and examination if fetal cells circulating in the mothers blood and analysis of cell-free fetal DNA is maternal plasma

Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis

11

Emphasizes that development is the result of an ongoing, bidirectional interchange between heredity and environment

Epigenetic view

12

The interaction of a specific measured variation in the DNA and a specific measured aspect of the environment

Gene x environment (g x e)