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Flashcards in Ch 20-21 Deck (150):
0

As far as voter loyalty, the guilder age saw...

People rarely shifted loyalty from one party to another

1

What did elections often come down to?

A few key states, ex: NY, Illinois, and Ohio

2

What political party did the north predominantly belong to?

Republican

3

What political party did the South predominantly belong to?

Democrats

4

This political party had more widespread support throughout the states than the other

Democrats

5

What did the Democratic Party want as far as the role of the federal government?

States rights and a decentralized government

6

What did the Democratic Party want as far as tariffs went?

Lower tariffs

7

What regions most predominantly made up the Democratic Party?

South and Southwest

8

What type of people most likely were to vote for the democrats?

Farmers, immigrants, and the working pool

9

Why did the working class vote democratic?

They saw job competition with African Americans

10

What did the Republican Party advocate for?

Civil rights and an increase in the role of government

11

Where did the majority of republicans live?

North

12

How did the republicans want to stimulate industry?

Higher protective tariffs and subsidies

13

What did the majority of republicans think about tariffs?

Majority wanted higher tariffs, however, some wanted to lower tariffs

14

What party one the majority of elections during the gilded age?

Republicans

15

Who's presidency marked the end of reconstruction?

Rutherford B Hayes

16

Who was the only president elected twice in non consecutive terms? Hint: he was also the only democratic president during the gilded age

Cleveland

17

Who went into office after the assassination of president Garfield ?

Chester A Arthur

18

Who went into office after the assassination of McKinley?

Teddy Roosevelt

19

What voting trends were seen during the gilded age?

High voter turnout (white males)

20

What tactics kept African Americans from exercising their legal right to vote?

Poll tax, literacy tests, eight boxes

21

What resulted from the impeachment of president Johnson?

Diminished presidential strength

22

After reconstruction, people shifted their attention from the federal government to ___________

Local governments

23

This person dominated NY politics during the gilded age, he believed strongly in the spoils system

Roscoe Conkling

24

Who won the election of 1880?

James Garfield

25

Who was the democratic candidate and loser in the election of 1880?

Winfeild Hancock

26

What was Garfield plan to unite the Republican Party?

Lower some tariffs

27

Who assassinated president Garfield?

Charles Guiteau

28

Why did Charles Guiteau assassinate Garfield?

He was upset he had not been given a chance in office

29

Regarding tariffs, what did Chester A Arthur do once he got into office?

Continue trying to lower tariffs

30

This act passed by Chester A Arthur dealt with how government jobs were given out

Pendleton act

31

What did the Pendleton act set up that derailed the spoils system?

Civil service commission

32

Who were the presidential candidates in the election of 1884?

Grover Cleveland and James Blaine

33

Who won the election of 1884?

Grover Cleveland

34

What did Cleveland look to do in his first term in office?

Cut federal governments activities and involvement in economy and business, laissez faire approach

35

This act passed by Cleveland was the first attempt of the federal government to regulate business, especially railroads. It did away with rebates upon other things

Interstate commerce act

36

What did the interstate commerce act set up?

Commerce commission

37

What was the main issue in the election of 1888?

Tariffs

38

Who were the two candidates in the election of 1888?

Cleveland and Harrison

39

Why did Cleveland lose the election of 1888?

Republicans used his dislike of tariffs against him, said he was trying to undermine industry

40

Who got a majority of the popular vote in 1888?

Cleveland

41

Who got the majority in the electoral college?

Harrison

42

What was suggested about Harrison's election into office?

Perhaps he had won some votes in the north by coercion and persuasion

43

Not only did the republicans win the presidency, but they also______

Won both houses of congress

44

What was a consequence of the republicans winning the house & senate ?

Able to pass legislation easier

45

First attempt to try to break up big business and regulate business activity

Sherman anti trust act

46

What was the problem of the Sherman anti trust act?

It was to vague and left in the hands of the courts, which weakened it

47

This famous Supreme Court case crippled the Sherman anti trust act by making a distinction between commerce and manufacturing

United States vs. E.C Knight Co

48

This tariff raised the tariffs to 4% higher than it had ever been before

McKinley tariff

49

Who put forth the McKinley tariff?

William McKinley

50

This act passed in 1878 kept the monitization of silver

Bland Allison Act

51

His act, passed in 1890, continues the limited use of silver, thus keeping the US on a bimetallic system

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

52

Who did the Sherman Silver Purchase Act please?

The South and West

53

Who did the Sherman Silver Purchase Act dismay?

NE

54

What did the democrats call the republican congress because of all of the spending it did?

Billion dollar congress

55

What causes the republicans to undergo huge setbacks and lose control of the house in the 1890 elections?

Growth of the Gov and Federal Power

56

Who were the democratic and republican candidates in the election of 1892?

Grover Cleveland (D) and Benjamin Harrison (R)

57

Who did the Populist Party nominate as a candidate during the election of 1892?

James B Weaver

58

What did the peoples party platform entail?

-Gov would take over railroads, telephones, and telegraphs,
-remonetization of silver
-direct elections of senators rather than states deciding
-secret ballot
-immigration restriction

59

Who did the peoples part represent?

Farmers and westerners

60

What did the peoples party grow out of?

Alliance system

61

Who won the election of 1892?

Grover Cleveland

62

This was a period of economic mayhem

The panic of 1893

63

What caused the panic of 1893?

Industry grew to quickly, people borrowed too much money, outgrew markets, etc

64

What debate arose from the panic of 1893?

What was the role of the gov?

65

This person led 300 marchers from Ohio to Washington DC to try together funding for roads and other projects

Jacob Coxey

66

What happened to Coxey upon arrival to Washington DC?

He was arrested and beaten by police

67

This 1994 strike was one of the biggest in us history

Pullman strike

68

Why did workers at Pullman palace car company go on strike?

To protest wage cuts, increased rents, and people being laid off

69

This person led the American Railway Union in joining the Pullman Strike, immensely increasing the size of it

Eugene Debs

70

How did the American Railway Union join?

They refused to handle any trains pulling Pullman cars

71

What was the consequence of the strike??

Shut down railroads and factories

72

This is a court order telling workers to get back to work, Cleveland used one to end the Pullman strike

Court injunction

73

What else did Cleveland do the end the strike?

Sent troops

74

What did Cleveland believe was the reason for economic downfall in 1893?

The Sherman silver purchase act

75

What did Cleveland do to the Sherman silver purchase act?

Repeals it in 1893

76

What was the consequence of repealing the Sherman silver purchase act?

It negatively effected us

77

Who was the democratic candidate in the election of 1896?

William Tennings Bryan

78

What did the election of 1896 mainly focus on?

Bimetallic issue

79

What did the Democratic Party and Bryan support in the bimetallic issue?

They wanted to continue the monitization of silver

80

Who was the republican candidate during the election of 1896?

William McKinley

81

This act singed but McKinley after the Spanish American war, put the US on a gold standard

Gold standard act

82

The Illinois constitution declared railroads to be_____

Public highways

83

This court case ruled that private property must submit to being controlled for the common good

Munn vs Illinois

84

This case weakened the Munn vs Illinois case, it said that states cannot regulate commerce extending their borders

Wabash case

85

This act granted pensions to veterans and their widows and children

Dependent pensions act

86

Why did America look for foreign markets during imperialism?

American industry and farming was producing more goods than Americans could consume

87

This naval strategist talked about how the US needed a new modernized navy

Alfred T Mahan

88

What was Mahans book titled?

The influence of sea power and history

89

What were the three pendants Mayhan said we needed to strengthen the navy?

1) 2 ocean navy
2) Naval bases around the world
3) canal

90

This congregational minister argued that the US was obligated to civilize and Christianity other races

Josiah strong

91

Why did the belief that the frontier was closing spur imperialism?

Our land of opportunity would run out

92

This expansionist and Secretary of State laid the groundwork for future expansion

William Seewald

93

Wha was the name for the purchase of Alaska from Russia?

Seewalds folly

94

Why did Seewald want to buy Alaska?

He thought it was the first step of claiming all of Canada

95

Why did missionaries initially go to Hawaii?

To Christianize the people

96

What was Hawaii nicknamed because of all of the shipping lanes?

Crossroads of the pacific

97

This Queen came to power after the Hawaiian King died

Queen Lilikulani

98

What did the McKinley tariff do to the Hawaiian sugar market?

It raided barriers and tariffs

99

Why did American planters want to annex Hawaii?

It would eliminate or lower tariffs on sugar

100

Who led the rebellion against the Hawaiian monarch?

Stanford B Dole

101

The _______ supported the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarch

Marines

102

What did Cleveland attempt to do about the rebellion in Hawaii, but failed?

He tried to restore the Queen

103

What president was Hawaii finally annexed under?

President McKinley

104

Who served as the president of Hawaii while it was a republic?

Dole

105

What did dole serve as once Hawaii was annexed into the us?

Territorial governor

106

What was the Spanish American war nicknamed?

The splendid little war

107

Why did the public empathize with the Cubans attempt to leave Spanish rule?

It reminded Americans of our revolution

108

This Spanish generals reconstruction policy concentrated masses of Cubans in remote areas of Cuba

General Weyler

109

The papers of ________ and ________ were always competing?

Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Heart

110

Who said "you furnish the pictures, I'll furnish the war"

Hearst

111

What did yellow journalism do?

Generated public sympathy from US

112

Spanish diplomat for the US

De alone

113

What did the De alone scandal entail?

In a letter leaked to the press, de lome portrayed McKinley as a weak and corrupt president

114

Why was the USS Maine sent down to Cuba?

To protect Americas economic interest and Americans if needed

115

What happened to the USS Maine?

It exploded, killing us sailors

116

What did yellow journalism blame the explosion on?

The Spanish

117

What was Teddy Roosevelt's position before war was declared?

Assistant Secretary of Navy

118

Who did Teddy Roosevelt give instructions to leave Hong Kong and head towards the Philippines before war was declared?

Admiral Dewey

119

Where did 6 US War ships sail into in May of 1898?

Manila Bay

120

Who led the Filipino insurgents in aiding the US against the Spanish?

Emilio Aguinaldo

121

First US volunteer cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt

Rough riders

122

Teddy Roosevelt led the rough riders up this hill to defeat the Spanish

San Juan hill

123

This was the main cause of death for American soldiers fighting the Spanish

Disease

124

What territories was the US given at the end of the war?

Guam and Puerto Rico

125

This said that the US would grant the Cubans their freedom once the Spanish was ousted

Teller amendment

126

Treaty between US and Cuba that attempted to prevent Cuban independence, replaced the teller amendment

Platt amendment

127

The platt amendment included the lease of ________

Guantameno bay

128

Filipinos used this style of fighting in their rebellion against the US

Guerrilla tactics

129

What even led to the failure of the filipino rebellion?

The capture of Aguinaldo

130

This organization was made of American people against expansion

American anti imperialist league

131

Who proposed the open door policy in china?

Secretary of State John Hay

132

Who was Americas youngest president?

Teddy Roosevelt

133

This warned Germany and Britain that they were getting to involved in Latin America

Roosevelt corollary

134

Treaty that ended the Russo Japanese war, negotiated in part by Roosevelt

Treaty of Portsmouth

135

Where was the treaty of Portsmouth negotiated?

New Hampshire

136

What did Roosevelt win for his efforts in bringing peace between Russia and Japan?

Nobel peace prize

137

Roosevelt sent the __________ on an around the world tour

Great white fleet

138

What was the purpose of the great white fleet?

Show goodwill and strength to other nations

139

Belief that the US should stay out of foreign entanglements

Isolationism

140

Who was Secretary of State under Garfield and Harrison?

James G Blaine

141

What did Blaine use to seek wider markets in Asia, Latin America, and Africa?

Tariff reciprocity agreements

142

Law that said that developments of race parallel the developments of an individual

Biogenetic law

143

Who invented biogenetic law?

Ernst Haekel

144

Popular writer and lecturer who argued for Anglo Saxon superiority, said that English and American would occupy every land

John friske

145

What was the title of Josiah Strongs book?

Our country: it's possible future and it's present crises

146

Was Ulysses S grant an expansionist?

Yes

147

This was the conservatism sec of state under grant

Hamilton fish

148

Demands that the uk pay for damages done to union ships by confederate vessels

Alabama claims

149

Provided settlement of alabama claims

Treaty of Washington