ch 20/21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 20/21 Deck (119):
1

additive action

drug combo w/ = effects

2

anaphylaxis

exaggerated hypersensitivity rxn

3

antagonistic action

combo of 2 drugs w/less than an additive effect

4

controlled substance

produce addiction

5

iatrogenic

condition caused by treatment given by Dr

6

idiosyncratic rxn

unexpected rxn in sensitive pt

7

medicinal chemistry

study of new drug synthesis

8

molecular pharmacology

study of drug interaction

9

parenteral administration

drugs injected into skin, muscles, or veins

10

pharmacodynamics

study of drug effects

11

pharmacokinetics

study of drug metabolism

12

pharmacologist

specialist in uses/side effects in drugs

13

physicians' desk reference (PDR)

reference book that lists drug products

14

receptor

target substance that drug interacts w/

15

sublingual

under tongue

16

synergism

combo of 2 drugs w/ greater effect than if alone

17

united states pharmacopeia (USP)

list of drugs

18

ACE inhibitor

lowers BP by dilating blood vessels

19

amphetamine

CNS stimulant

20

analgesic

relieves pain

21

androgen

male hormone

22

anesthetic

reduces feeling

23

angiotensin II receptor blocker

lowers BP by preventing angiotensin

24

antiarrythmatic

controls irreg HR

25

anticonvulsant

prevents convulsions

26

antiemetic

prevents nausea

27

antiplatelet

reduces platelet sticking/clotting

28

anti ulcer

reduces acid

29

aromatase inhibitor

reduces estrogen

30

bactericidal

kills bacteria

31

bacteriostatic

inhibits bacterial growth

32

beta blocker

blocks the action of epinephrine on heart

33

biphosphonate

prevents bone loss

34

cardiac glycoside

^ heart contraction

35

cathartic

relieves constipatiob

36

cholesterol binding drugs

binds to dietary cholesterol from GI tract

37

diuretic

increases urine production/reduces fluid volume in body

38

emetic

promotes vomiting

39

endocrine drug

hormone like drug

40

glucocorticoid

hormone from adrenal cortex that ^ blood sugar and decreases inflamm

41

narcotic

habit forming

42

progestin

uterine lining

43

purgative

reduces constipation

44

thyroid hormone

stimulates cellular metabolism

45

aer/o

air

46

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

47

bronch/o

bronchial tue

48

chem/o

drug

49

cras/o

mixture

50

cutane/o

skin

51

erg/o

work

52

esthes/o

feeling

53

hist/o

tissue

54

hypn/o

sleep

55

iatr/o

treatment

56

myc/o

mold

57

narc/o

stupor

58

pharmac/o

drug

59

prurit/o

itching

60

pyret/o

fever

61

thec/o

sheath

62

vas/o

vessel

63

ven/o

vein

64

vit/o

life

65

vitamin A

retinol
ex: greens

66

vitamin B1

thiamine
ex: hams

67

vitamin B2

riboflavin
ex: liver

68

vitamin B3

niacin
ex: fish

69

vitamin B6

pyridoxine
ex: yeast

70

vitamin B9

folic acid
ex: cereals

71

vitamin B12

cyanocobalamin
ex: eggs

72

vitamin C

ascorbic acid

73

vitamin D

calciferol

74

vitamin E

alpha-gluc
ex: egg yolk

75

vitamin K

phytonadione
ex: kale

76

ana-

upward

77

par-

apart from

78

syn-

together

79

distal radiography

digital x ray sensor

80

dost dense

white on xray

81

angiography

use contrast to view heart blood vessels

82

cholaniography

bile ducts

83

hysterosalpingography

fallopian tubes/vagina

84

pyelography

pelvis/urinary tract

85

CT

-bones
-pneumonia
-brain bleed

86

MRI

-spinal cord
-tumors
-masses
-lesions
-joints/ligs/tend

87

posteroanterior view

back to front

88

decubitus

lying down

89

recumbent

lying down

90

PET scan

radioactivity/positron

91

CT

cross sectional

92

gamma camera

contrast

93

gamma rays

high energy rays

94

interventional radiology

therapeutic

95

ionization

transform into electrically charged particles

96

nuclear medicine

radioactive substances

97

radioimmunoassay

radioactive chemicals and antibodies

98

radioisotope

rad form of an element subs

99

radiolabeled compound

radiopharmeceutical

100

radiolucent

permitting the passage of xrays

101

radionuclide

rad form of an element that gives off energy in the formof radiation

102

radioplaque

obstructing the passage of xrays

103

radiopharmeceutical

radioactive drug

104

scintigraphy

diagnostic nuclear medicine

105

single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)

radioactive trancer is injected

106

tagging

attaching radionucletide (trancer studies)

107

is/o

same

108

pharmeceut/o

drug

109

radi/o

xrays

110

son/o

sound

111

therapeut/o

treatment

112

vitr/o

glass

113

viv/o

life

114

-gram

record

115

-graphy

recording

116

-lucent

shine

117

-opaque

obscure

118

echo-

repeated sound

119

ultra-

beyond