Ch. 22 & 23 Flashcards Preview

Nursing Foundations > Ch. 22 & 23 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 22 & 23 Deck (49):
1

Accountability

state of being answerable for one's actions - a nurse answers to himself or herself, the patient, the profession, the employing institution such as a hospital, and society for the effectiveness of nursing care performed.

2

Advocacy

Process whereby a nurse objectively provides patients with the information they need to make decisions and supports the patients in whatever decisions they make.

3

Autonomy

Ability or tendency to function independently.

4

Beneficence

Doing good or actively promoting doing good; one of the four principles of the ethical theory of deontology.

5

Casuistry

Case-based reasoning, turns away from conventional principles of ethics as a way to determine best actions and focuses instead on an "intimate understanding of particular situations".

6

Code of Ethics

Formal statement that delineates a profession's guidelines for ethical behavior. Sets standards or expectations for the professional to achieve.

7

Confidentiality

Act of keeping information private or secret; in health care the nurse only shares information about a pt with other nurses or health care providers who need to know private information about a pt to provide care for him or her; information can only be shared with the pt's consent.

8

Consequentialism

Emphasis is ion the outcome or consequence or action.

9

Deontology

Traditional theory of ethics that proposes to define actions as right or wrong based on the characteristics of fidelity to promises, truthfulness, and justice. The conventional use of ethical terms such as justice, autonomy, beneficence, and nonmaleficence constitutes the practice of deontology.

10

Ethics

Principles or standards that govern proper conduct.

11

Ethics of care

Delivery of health care based on ethical principles and standards of care.

12

Feminist ethics

Ethical approach that focuses on the nature of relationships to guide participants in making difficult decisions, especially relationships in which power is unequal or in which a point of view has become ignored or invisible.

13

Fidelity

Agreement to keep a promise.

14

Justice

Ethical standard of fairness.

15

Nonmaleficence

Fundamental ethical agreement to do no harm. closely related to the ethical standard of beneficence.

16

Responsibility

Carrying out duties associated with a particular role.

17

Teleology

Meaning "end" or the study of ends or final causes.

18

Utilitarianism

Ethic that proposes that the values of something is determined by its usefulness. The greatest good for the greatest number of people constitutes the guiding principle for action in a utilitarian model of ethics.

19

Value

Personal belief about the worth of a given idea or behavior.

20

Administrative law or regulatory law

Reflects decisions made by administrative bodies such as State Boards of Nursing when rules and regulations are passed.

21

Assault

Unlawful threat to bring about harmful or offensive contact with another.

22

Battery

Legal term for touching another's body without consent.

23

Civil laws

Statues concerned with protecting a person's rights.

24

Common laws

One source for law that is created by judicial decisions as opposed to those created by legislative bodies (statutory law).

25

Criminal laws

Concerned with acts that threaten society but may involve only an individual.

26

Defamation of character

Publication of false statements that result in damage to a person's reputation.

27

Durable power of attorney for health care

Legal document that designates a person or people of one's choosing to make health care decisions when a pt is no longer able to make decisions on his or her own behalf.

28

False imprisonment

Unjustified restraint of a person without a legal reason.

29

Felony

Crime of a serious nature that carries a penalty of imprisonment or death.

30

Good samaritan laws

Legislation enacted in some states to protect health care professionals form liability in rendering emergency aid unless there is proven willful wrong or gross negligence.

31

Informed consent

Process of obtaining permission from a pt to perform a specific test or procedure after describing all risks, side effects, and benefits.

32

Intentional torts

Are deliberate acts that violate another's rights such as assault, battery, and false imprisonment.

33

Invasion of privacy

Protects a pt's right to be free from unwanted intrusion into his or her private affairs.

34

Libel

Written defamation of character.

35

Living wills

Instruments by which a dying person makes wishes known.

36

Malpractice

Injurious or unprofessional actions that harm another.

37

Misdemeanor

Lesser crime than a felony; the penalty is usually a fine or imprisonment for less than 1 year.

38

Negligence

Careless act of omission or commission that results in injury to another.

39

Never events

Are preventable errors, which may include falls, urinary tract infections form improper use of catheters, and pressure ulcers.

40

Nurse practice acts

Statutes enacted by the legislature of any of the states or the appropriate officers of the districts or possessions that describe and define the cope of nursing practice.

41

Occurrence report

Incidence report.

42

Privacy

The right of pts to keep personal information from being disclosed.

43

Quasi-intentional torts

Acts in which intent is lacking but volitional action and direct causation occur such as in invasion of privacy and defamation of character.

44

Risk management

Function of hospital or other health facility administration that is directed toward identification, evaluation, and correction of potential risks that could lead to injury of pts, staff members, or visitors and result in property loss of damage.

45

Slander

Occurs when one speaks falsely about another.

46

Standards of care

Minimum level of care accepted to ensure high quality care to pts. Standards of care define the types of therapies typically administered to pts with defined problems or needs.

47

Statutory law

Of or related to laws enacted by a legislative branch of the government.

48

Torts

Act that causes injury for which the injured party can bring civil action.

49

Unintentional torts

Includes negligence or malpractice.