Ch 24 SS2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 24 SS2 Deck (66):
1

Name three OPEC countries

Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, U.A.E., Qatar, etc.

2

Name two things that the government did to reduce our dependence on foreign oil

Lower speed limit, odd-even days, closed schools and businesses

3

The easing of cold war tensions

Détente

4

Name two reasons that the U.S. government built the strategic petroleum reserve

Military emergencies, foreign oil embargos, business emergencies

5

Since the end of WWII, this has become the most powerful branch of government

Executive

6

Name one of the two reporters who broke the Watergate story

Woodward & Bernstein

7

Nixon fired the attorney general, and assistant attorney general: the special prosecutor was also fired. This was known as …

The Saturday night massacre

8

Gerald Ford was nominated as V.P. by Nixon after this V.P. resigned.

Spiro Agnew

9

This group of people was responsible for “plugging leaks” in the government

Plumbers

10

This former Gov.. of Georgia defeated Gerald Ford for President

Jimmy Carter

11

In 1979, the Soviet Union invaded this country

Afghanistan

12

The Camp David Accords was a peace treaty between these two countries

Israel and Egypt

13

Ayatollah Khomeini took control of this Middle East country

Iran

14

In 1979, the U.S. negotiated to return this property back to its Central American country

Panama Canal

15

Rachel Carson wrote the book “Silent Spring” which helped to get this chemical outlawed

DDT

16

What does E.P.A. stand for?

Environmental protection agency

17

The worlds worst nuclear disaster was known as…

Chernobyl

18

Alexander Butterfield disclosed to Congress that Pres. Nixon had a ….in the Oval Office

A telephone recording system

19

This Nixon program was designed to give power to the states. They would decide on their own how to spend their federal tax dollars?

Revenue sharing

20

This “Holiday” was set up to address concerns about the environment

Earth day

21

How many residents were evacuated in the wake of the accident at Three Mile Island?

100,000

22

This is the situation when you have rising prices and rising unemployment

Stagflation

23

The reporters who broke the Watergate story worked for this newspaper

The Washington post

24

•Most environmental activists were originally part of other activist groups. Name two of them

•Civil Rights activists
•Women’s Rights groups
•Anti-war groups

25

What does OPEC stand for?

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

26

Days before sentencing ____ writes a letter to the presiding judge, ____ in which he confesses lying under oath and suggest White House involvement of the burglary

Jane McCord
John sirica

27

Nixon announced the resignations of --- and ____, two of his closet advisors

HR haldeman
John ehrlichman

28

Plumbers

A group told to find and stop the leaks of the information to the press in Washington dc

29

Nixon releases ___ of his conversations, but they fail to o satisfy investigators because _____

Edited transcripts
It didn't answer the question of what the president knew and when he knew it.

30

When Nixon resigned, did he admit guilt?

No, he merely said that some of his judgements "were wrong"

31

The special prosecutor _____ sues the president to obtain the tapes

Archibald cox

32

What did the tapes reveal about what Nixon knew and when he knew it?

Nixon knew about the role of members in his administration in the burglary and agreed to the plan to obstruct the FBIs investigation ( six day after the watergate break in )

33

Who accidentally erased part of the tapes?

Rose Mary woods, nixons secretary

34

James McCord

Sent a letter to sirica indicating that he lied under oath & suggested White House involvement in the burglary

35

John dean

Dropped the first bomb and declared that Nixon had been deeply involved in the water gate coverup (he told this to congress

36

Alexander butter field

Presidents aide who announced Nixon taped all of his presidential conversations using a telephone recording system

37

Who were the Berlin Wall?

HR haldeman
John erlichman
(These two were nixons two closest advisors & Nixon announced their resignations)

38

The CRP passed out what to the watergate burglars ? Why ?

450,000 (money) because they wanted to buy their silence

39

Who took notes on nixons near obsession with how to respond to the watergate break in? When the cover up began, what happened to the documents?

HR haldeman
His documents were all shredded

40

Who did Nixon beat in the 1972 election?

George McGovern, by a landslide

41

New federalism
What did he hope to accomplish with this approach?

Nixons plan to distribute more power and responsibility to the state and local gov
Decrease in government (the power and size of the federal government, which is a conservative view)

42

Southern strategy
Purpose?

Nixons attempt to attract southern conservative voters by slowing or reversing civil rights policies and naming conservative judges to the Supreme Court. He fought integration of schools by trying to stop forced busing.
Purpose- win south support for 1972 election

43

Family assistance plan

Welfare reform proposal that would have guaranteed an income to welfare recipients who agreed to undergo job training and accept work (deduct supervisory role of the gov and make welfare recipients responsible for their own lives- liberal)

44

Impoundment

Nixon ended many great society programs by doing this. He withheld necessary funds for programs, holding up their implementation bc he opposed them.

45

Stagflation
Necessary factors

Economic condition where unemployment and inflation are both high and rising
-Occurred bc people weren't getting paid
LBJs policy to fund war and social programs with deficit spending
New workers (baby boomers)
Foreign oil dependence

46

Detente

Flexible policy Kissinger and Nixon agreed on to deal with communist nations to ease Cold War tensions

47

Changing relations with China and su

Nixon visited there to improve their relationship
Realpolitik- deal with communist nations in a flexible manner, foreign policy on power and not him rights/morals

48

Henry Kissinger

Nixons Secretary of State

49

Watergate

June 17,1972
Five men caught breaking into the DNC headquarters at the watergate office

50

Nixons advisors? Roles?

Hr haldeman- chief of staff, took notes on nixons obsession with how to respond to watergate, documents shredded
John erlichman- chief domestic adviser
John Mitchell- attorney general
John dean- former White House counsel, dropped first bomb to congress that Nixon had been deeply involved in the watergate cover up

51

Tactics used against perceived enemies

Used the FBI & CIA to spy on dissident groups like SDS, Black Panthers, etc. made an enemies list and even listened to phone conversations

52

Timeline of water gate scandal. Major events.

June 17,1972- 5 men caught breaking into watergate complex
November 7,1972- Nixon reelect re over george McGovern by a landslide
January 1973- trial of watergate burglars began judged by John sirica
October 1973- Nixon was taken to court for not releasing the tapes & later had to surrender the tapes in 1974
August 8,1974- Nixon announced his resignation from office and admitted no guilt

53

Resignation?
Who became president?

August 8,1974 Nixon
Gerald ford became president bc Nixon nominated him as VP

54

Lasting effects of the watergate scandal

25 members of the Nixon administration were convicted and sent to prison for crimes connected to watergate
Widened the credibility gap (Vietnam and watergate)

55

OPEC
Impact on U.S. economy in 1970s

Organization of petroleum exporting countries
Impact- war broke out & the Arab opec nations cut off oil to the U.S. When opec resumed selling, the price quadrupled worsening inflation so prices increased (cut off bc US supported Israel)

56

Carters focus on nations energy crisis

Felt America reliance on imported oil was a large part of the problem. Urged Americans to cut consumption of oil and gas
Passed the national energy act which placed a tax on guzzling cars & extended tax credits for the deli omens of alternative energy so dependence on foreign oil eased (but then there was a fuel shortage, opec raised prices, inflation at 14%, and economic downswing)

57

Foreign policy focus

Carter rejected realpolitik and strived for human rights. Looked at a nations moral principles and human rights instead of their power. He also gave the Panama Canal back to Latin American which improved our relationship and made the U.S. Look better

58

Camp David accords
What were they
Who signed

Carter helped forge peace between long time enemies, Israel and Egypt, in camp David Maryland.
Peave agreement signed by Israel and Egypt

59

Factors that led to charters 1980 defeat

Refused to send the shah back to Iran in return for the release of 52 American hostages
His firm insistence on human rights led to the break down of our relationship with the SU, SU invaded afghani stand and salt 2 treaty died
Economic downswing of inflation tracing 14% and carter not being able to solve the problem

60

Impact of Rachel Carsons silent spring

Warned against the growing use of pesticides and argued that the poisoned the food they were intended to protect, killing birds and fish. Book was an early warning about the danger human activity posed on the environment.
DDT- harmful to humans -> outlawed in 1972
Made ppl realize that their everyday behavior and nations industrial growth had a damagin effect on the environment
Earth day- made awareness to environmental problems

61

Epa
Purpose?

Environmental protection agency
Power to set and enforce pollution standards and protect endangered species
(They deal with environmental issues)

62

First earth day was a response to what?

Past damage done to the environment and to make awareness to the impact humans have
Spotlight problems of pollution, toxic waste, and the earths dwindling resources

63

Compare and contrast presidencies

Nixon-foreign policy - realpolitik
Lawyer, republican, conservative, many challengers
Carter- human rights (not power), peanut farmer, democrate, liberal, went against Gerald ford (not many challengers), energy
Both focused on economy and environment

64

Three mile island

Happened under carter, nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania malfunctioned
Some radiation was released

65

Nuclear energy advantages and disadvantages

A- cheap & plentiful
Less dependence on foreign oil
No pollution and safe?
D- toxic waste
Plant accidents
Radiation
Unsafe?

66

Nixon and carter, environment

Nixon- clean air act reduced pollution in cars and industries
Carter- endangered species act, limited pesticide use and curbed strip mining