Ch 29 Assessment of the respiratory system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 29 Assessment of the respiratory system Deck (17):
1

Function of surfactant in the lungs

reduces alveoli surface tension and prevents atelectasis (collapse)

2

Normal respiratory changes with aging

< alivoli surface, < elasticity, dilated alveoli and bronchioles, < cough ability

3

What is the main sign of lung disease?

Cough

4

What may pink frothy sputum indicate?

pulmonary edema

5

What may rust colored sputum indicate?

pneumococcal pneumonia

6

What may foul smelling sputum indicate?

lung abscess

7

What may bloody sputum (hemoptysis) indicate?

chronic bronchitis, lung CA, TB, lung abscess, pulmonary infection

8

Normal RBC

F: 4.2-5.4 Million
M: 7-6.1 Million

9

Normal Hgb

F: 12-16
M: 14-18

10

Normal Hct

F: 37-47%
M: 42-52%

11

Normal WBC

5-10K

12

Normal PaO2

80-100

13

Normal PaCO2

35-45

14

Normal pH

0-60 yo:7.35-7.45
60-90 yo: 7.31-7.41
> 90 yo: 7.26-7.43

15

Normal Hco3

21-28

16

Methemoglobinemia

condition caused by numbing throat with benzocaine causing reduced iron carrying and hypoxia

17

S/Sx of pneumothorax

Pain that is worse at the end of inhalation and end of exhalation
Tachycardia
Rapid, shallow respiration
air hunger
Trachea slanted to unaffected side