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Flashcards in ch 3 Deck (25):
1

According to the text authors, what is a unique and defining characteristic of school psychology?

focuses on children

2

Prior to the public education movement, how were children were typically viewed?

mini adults

3

What were the problems faced by urban and rural schools?

not enough teachers
language barriers
funding

4

How did the American education system impact the socially diverse landscape of the American population?

it became a social focal point; child saving movement

5

applied psychology;

g stanley hall

6

what did g stanley hall us as assessments to understand children

questionnaires

7

what was g stanley hall's focus in school psychology

He advanced normative child development, urging teachers to consider developmental and contextual factors in the education process

8

what is ternan's IQ quotient

mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100

9

what is terman's iq quotient's impact and role in society

it created the army and beta tests for the army to determine intelligence in mass settings

10

revised from Goddard's intelligent test; to determine normal intelligence

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test

11

goddard focus in school psych

focused on the lower IQ intelligence

12

terman focus in school psych

focused on higher IQ intelligence

13

What perspective do both Goddard and Terman support?

the heritable perspective

14

Who was the first person in the United States to hold the title of school psychologist?

Arnold Gesell

15

The focus of Witmer’s ‘practical work for psychology’

refine mental and moral retardation
build clinics and hospital schools for retard children
create observational and clinical training for professionals
provide psych training to work with these children

16

Witmer v G Stanley Hall in school psych

Witmer was more individualized and wanted to help the child, he also focused on the environmental aspects of intelligence
Hall focused on the normative development and typing, he wanted to treat/classify and he also belived that hereditary affects intelligence

17

What was Witmer's model for childhood clinics impact for school psych

many more clinics were established that worked with children on an outpatient basis; created special education classes/clinics

18

What propelled the rising number of ’exceptional’ children needing special services outside of the regular classroom?

Outpatient clinics meeting the needs for those children

19

The Association of Consulting Psychology was formed in response to what premise of the APA

How the APA was mostly inactive and how they would/could not work in the interest of applied psychologists in its ranks

20

pioneering generation of school psychologists; 1936 pres of ACP 1937; helped shape and define school psychology

Gertrude Hildreth

21

What was the AAAP

the ACP merged with other groups with applied intereststo form the American Association for Applied Psychology.

22

sections of AAAP

business and industrial
clinical
consulting
educational

23

What cultural forces impeded the growth and advancements of the field of school psychology?

WWII revealed the great need for psychology bc of the vets but it didn't apply for children until years later

24

What became a distinct post-WWII focus of the field of school psychology?

prevention

25

Stemming from the Thayer conference, what recommendation for school psychology differed from that of clinical and counseling psychology?

wanting to use the sub-doctoral practitioners so the NASP was formed to rep school psych