Flashcards in ch 3 Deck (25):
According to the text authors, what is a unique and defining characteristic of school psychology?
focuses on children
Prior to the public education movement, how were children were typically viewed?
What were the problems faced by urban and rural schools?
not enough teachers
How did the American education system impact the socially diverse landscape of the American population?
it became a social focal point; child saving movement
g stanley hall
what did g stanley hall us as assessments to understand children
what was g stanley hall's focus in school psychology
He advanced normative child development, urging teachers to consider developmental and contextual factors in the education process
what is ternan's IQ quotient
mental age divided by chronological age multiplied by 100
what is terman's iq quotient's impact and role in society
it created the army and beta tests for the army to determine intelligence in mass settings
revised from Goddard's intelligent test; to determine normal intelligence
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
goddard focus in school psych
focused on the lower IQ intelligence
terman focus in school psych
focused on higher IQ intelligence
What perspective do both Goddard and Terman support?
the heritable perspective
Who was the first person in the United States to hold the title of school psychologist?
The focus of Witmer’s ‘practical work for psychology’
refine mental and moral retardation
build clinics and hospital schools for retard children
create observational and clinical training for professionals
provide psych training to work with these children
Witmer v G Stanley Hall in school psych
Witmer was more individualized and wanted to help the child, he also focused on the environmental aspects of intelligence
Hall focused on the normative development and typing, he wanted to treat/classify and he also belived that hereditary affects intelligence
What was Witmer's model for childhood clinics impact for school psych
many more clinics were established that worked with children on an outpatient basis; created special education classes/clinics
What propelled the rising number of ’exceptional’ children needing special services outside of the regular classroom?
Outpatient clinics meeting the needs for those children
The Association of Consulting Psychology was formed in response to what premise of the APA
How the APA was mostly inactive and how they would/could not work in the interest of applied psychologists in its ranks
pioneering generation of school psychologists; 1936 pres of ACP 1937; helped shape and define school psychology
What was the AAAP
the ACP merged with other groups with applied intereststo form the American Association for Applied Psychology.
sections of AAAP
business and industrial
What cultural forces impeded the growth and advancements of the field of school psychology?
WWII revealed the great need for psychology bc of the vets but it didn't apply for children until years later
What became a distinct post-WWII focus of the field of school psychology?