Flashcards in Ch. 4 Deck (17)
What did WWI lead to?
Where did the Bolshevik revolution have its greatest influence?
What triggered the revolution of 1905?
The massacre of hundreds of working people on Bloody Sunday (Jan 22), which started as a peaceful protest of Nicholas II
What did the Tsar do to try and stop revolt?
A new constitution and a parliament called "Duma," though he never really backed these
What were soviets?
Councils to govern factories and regiments
What did the revolution aim to do?
Overthrow the provisional government and give power to the Soviets
What were the Bolsheviks?
The communist party
What made Lenin unpopular at work?
He surrendered a productive part of Russia to Germany and he abolished private ownership of land
How was war communism ended?
1921's new economic policy that restored free enterprise in retail and agriculture
How did Stalin come to power?
He dominated the communist party at the time
What did Stalin's first five year plan do?
Squeeze capital from agriculture for industrialization
What did Soviet productivity come at the expense of?
Freedom of its citizens
How did Emiliano Zapata try to come to power?
By giving power back to the native Americans
What did the Mexican constitution of 1917 aim to do?
Bring power to the Middle Class and give some worker's rights
What was the most important part of the 1917 constitution?
Land and soil rights and land ownership could be set by the Mexican government
Who was Mohandas Gandhi
An indian scholar who ended up in South Africa fighting against European discrimination and promoting equality amongst Indians