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Flashcards in ch 4 Deck (32):
1

What is a molecule that has the potential to react with water to generate energy?

ATP

2

What is the major difference between anaerobic and aerobic respiration?

There ios a different chemical used as the final electron receptor other than oxygen.

3

What is carried from glycolysis to the ETC and how?

NADH and FADH pick up Hydrogen atoms

4

What is the condition often as a result of anorexia or bulemia known as that can cause wwomens menstruation problems?

Amenorrhea

5

how much ATP is made in cellular respiration overall

30-32, or 36-38 in a perfect world

6

How much water is made and where?

6 in the ETC

7

when there is no oxygen present and we break down and reuse glucose what is this called?

fermentation

8

products of the citric acid cycle?

NADH, CO2 and 2 ATP

9

What is the electron acceptor in ETC?

Oxygen

10

Where does citric acid cycle occur?

Mitochondrial matriX

11

How is ATP recycled?

Stripping the last phosphate group, atp changes to ADP.

12

What does ATP stand for?

Adenosine Triphosphate

13

How much atp is made during glycolysius?

2 ATP

14

3 main stages of aerobic respiration?

Glycolysis Citric Acid Cycle Electron Transport Chain

15

How is ATP used in an endergonic reaction?

ATP is created FOR a reaction.

16

What happens in glycolysis and what is made??

Taking glucose and turn it into 2 pyruvates! (USES SOME ATP IN THE PROCESS)

17

Where does the ETC occur?

the inner membrane

18

Why stage of respiration doesnt require oxygen present?

Glycolysis

19

How is ATP used in an exergonic reaction?

ATP is being created FROMa reaction.

20

In what stage is CO2 released?

Citric Acid Cycle

21

a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism ?

diabetes

22

What is phosphorylation?

a transfer of a phosphate group. (Phosphorylate ADP to get ATP back/

23

What does BMI use to find the scale?

Height and weight

24

How much ATP is made in ETC?

26 or 28

25

Why is ATP important?

It provides energy coupling between exergonic and endergonic reactions

26

what is produced in the citric acid cycle?

4 co2, 6 nadh , 4 fadh and 2 atp

27

Where does glycolysis occur?

Cytosol

28

what is created when more energy is consumed that is utilized?

Fat

29

What are the types of work ATP can do?

Mechanical. Active transport of molecules. Chemical work.

30

Oxidative phosphorylation occurs where?

ETC

31

What happens in the cytosol?

Glycolysis.

32

What is the formula for cellular respiration?

sugar + Oxygen --------->CO 2 Water and ATP