Ch. 4 Administering Parenteral Medications Flashcards Preview

Principles of Pharmacology > Ch. 4 Administering Parenteral Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4 Administering Parenteral Medications Deck (22):

_________________ are recommended blood and body fluid precautions for use with all patients.

A. Universal Procedures
B. Standard Precautions
C. Standard Procedures
D. Infectious Standards

B. Standard Precautions


Healthcare workers are exposed to potentially infectious pathogens primarily through

A. Needlesticks
B. Mucous membranes
C. nonintact skin
D. All of these

D. All of these


Extreme caution must be used in handling contaminated needles or other sharp instruments because _________________ is the most
important vehicle for transmission of pathogens.

A. Metal
B. Fluid
C. Blood
D. Skin

C. Blood


_________________ administration is the method of giving drugs by injection using one of four different routes.

A. Parenteral
B. Intravenous
C. Intradermal
D. Subcutaneous

A. Parenteral


Drugs, fluids, or other substances administered through a vein are given using the _________________ route.

A. Intradermal
B. Intravenous
C. Intramuscular
D. Venous

B. Intravenous


Subcutaneous drug administration involves injecting medication beneath the

A. Vein
B. Fatty Issue
C. Muscle
D. Skin

D. Skin


An intramuscular injection places the medication deep in the body tissues, within the

A. Muscle
B. Dermis
C. Skin
D. Bloodstream

A. Muscle


A needle _________________ is used to protect the needle and prevent contamination.

A. Bevel
B. Shaft
C. Cover
D. Hilt

C. Cover


The hollow space inside the needle through which medication flows is the

A. Lumen
B. Hub
C. Shaft
D. Barrel

A. Lumen


The two main parts of a syringe are the

A. Plunger and hub
B. Flange and shaft
C. Barrel and plunger
D. Tip and barrel

C. Barrel and plunger


Syringes and sized according to the volume of _________________ they can hold.

A. Sterile solution
B. Liquid
C. Air
D. Vaccine

B. Liquid


A standard syringe is used with a variety of routes and medications; the most common size is

A. 3 cc or mL
B. 5 cc or mL
C. 1.5 cc or mL
D. 10 cc or mL

A. 3 cc or mL


Smaller syringes are used for injections, and larger sizes are used to

A. Irrigate wounds
B. Remove fluids from body cavities
C. Add fluids to intravenous flasks
D. All of these

D. All of these


Special ________ syringes, used by diabetics, measure the medication in units per mL.

A. Tuberculin
B. Prefilled
C. Insulin
D. Tubex

C. Insulin


Needles are sized according to their length and gauge; the smallest lengths are used for _________________ injections.

A. Intramuscular
B. Subcutaneous and intradermal
C. Intradermal and intravenous
D. Parenteral

B. Subcutaneous and intradermal


To be sure you are administering an accurate dose, you must pay close attention to the _________________ on the syringe
you are using.

A. Calibrations
B. Diameter
C. Units
D. Gauge number

A. Calibrations


Intradermal injections are used to administer very small amounts of medication, so a(n) _________________ syringe is used.

A. Insulin
B. Standard hypodermic
C. Tuberculin
D. Prefilled

C. Tuberculin


________ solutions are also known as plasma or volume expanders.

A. Isotonic
B. Hypotonic
C. Hypertonic
D. Colloid

D. Colloid


What is the most serious risk of intravenous therapy?

A. Due to fast absorption, the patient may have an immediate adverse reaction
B. The patient can find it hard to maneuver in and out of bed while keeping IV tubing in place
C. After prolonged IV therapy, certain medications can be irritating to the vein
D. With elderly or debilitated patients, the venous route may be difficult to access, causing several attempts to stick a vein

A. Due to fast absorption, the patient may have an immediate adverse reaction.


Symptoms of an air embolism include

A. Hypotension and weak rapid pulse
B. Cyanosis and elevated central venous pressure
C. Unconsciousness
D. All of these

D. All of these


The neck of an ampule must be _____________ before use.



What should you do if the injection site you have chosen is covered with a rash?

Do not give the injection, but chart the appearance of the skin and consult the nurse in charge.