Ch 4-Carbon Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 4-Carbon Deck (5)
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1

Carbon in living organisms

  • Protenins, DNA, carbohydrates, and other molecules that distinguish living matter are all composed of carbon compounds
  • The molecular diversity in life is based on the propeties of carbon

2

Organic molecules

Molecules that contain carbon, are comples, and are produced by organisms; carohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid

3

Molecular Diversity

  • Carbon Skeletons
    • The chain of carbon atoms in an organic molecule
    • vary in length & shape

4

Isomers

  • Types
    • Structural isomers
      • different covalent arrangements of their atoms
    • Cis-trans isomers
      • same covalent bonds but differ in spatial arrangements
    • Enantiomers
      • mirror images of each other
      • important in pharmaceutical industry

5

Functional group