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Flashcards in Ch 4 Terms Deck (24):
1

Grants in aid targeted for a specific purpose by either formula or project

Categorical grants

2

A view holding that the national gov may impose its policy preferences on the states through regulations in the form of mandates and restraints

Coercive federalism

3

The third clause of article I, section 8, of the constitution, which gives congress the power to regulate commerce among the states

Commerce clause

4

A view holding that the constitution is an agreement among the people who are citizens of both state and nation, so there is much overlap between the state power and national powers

Cooperative federalism

5

The government units that administer a county

County governments

6

A view holding that the constitution is a compact among Sovereign states, so that the powers of the national government and the states are clearly differentiated

Dual federalism

7

The last clause in article I, section 8, which gives congress the means to execute its enumerated powers. This clause is the basis for Congress's implied powers. Also called the necessary and proper clause

Elastic clause

8

The division of power between a central gov and a regional gov

Federalism

9

Categorical grants distributed according to a particular set of rules, called a formula, that specify who is eligible for the grants and how much each eligible applicant will receive

Formula grants

10

Money provided by one level of government to another to be spent for a given purpose

Grant-in-aid

11

The right to enact and enforce legislation locally

Home rule

12

Those powers that congress needs to execute its enumerated powers

Implied powers

13

A requirement that a state undertake an activity or provide a service, in keeping with minimum national standards

Mandate

14

The gov units that administer a city or town

Municipal governments

15

Citizens, members of interest groups, or public officials who champion particular policy ideas

Policy entrepreneurs

16

The power of confess to enact laws by which the national gov assumes total or partial responsibility for a state government function

Preemption

17

Categorical grants awarded on the basis of competitive applications submitted by prospective recipients to perform a specific task or function

Projected grants

18

The process of redrawing political boundaries to reflect changes in population

Redistricting

19

A requirement laid down by the act of congress, prohibiting a state or local government from exercising a certain power

Restraint

20

The government unit that administers elementary and secondary school programs

School district

21

The quality of being supreme in power or authority

Sovereignty

22

Government units created to perform particular functions, especially when those functions are best performed across jurisdictional boundaries

Special districts

23

The idea that all rights not specifically conferred on the national government by the U.S. Constitution are reserved to the states

States rights

24

Grants in aid awarded for general purposes, allowing the recipient great discretion in spending the grant money

Block grants