the fear of or to fear
unknown or individual
narrowing of valves that restricts complete emptying of the heart
angi/o-; vas/o-; vascul/o-
all mean lymph or blood vessel
root for artery
argest artery is the aorta
arterioles and means small artery
(procedure of removing fluid from the pericardium by puncturing its wall and aspiration
lymph or blood vessel picture
Hypertension or high blood pressure (HTN) is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls
pain or pressure in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow and oxygenation to the heart muscle. angina is Latin and means to strangle; to choke or to suffocate
a decrease in systolic and diastolic pressures which is below normal. It can occur because of shock, hemorrhage, dehydration, and many other disorders
is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls
abnormal heart rhythm
uncomfortable sensations in the chest caused by arrhythmias.
the interruption of the electrical impulses in the conduction system
a rapid, regular contraction
brief loss of consciousness
(transient ischemic attack)is the temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain
abnormal heart sound of the valves
transient ischemic attack
temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain
outpouching of an arterial wall due to wall weakening.
coronary heart disease
most common disease process of the cardiovascular system, caused by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis
coronary artery disease
a non-moveable collection of "stuff" from the blood and may cause an occlusion
the thrombus breaks free and moves with the blood-The embolus moves about until it gets too big for an artery, occluding it.
blockage of the flow of blood to tissue
a coronary artery that has a blockage can cause the MI
Deep vein thrombosis
a complication of immobilization that can be caused by lying in a hospital bed or some type of immobilization
condition of deficiency
process of formation
condition of the blood, substance in the blood
one, only, single
soft fatty substance
lymph, lymphatic system
dead cells, tissue, body
high lipids in the blood
blood-fondness of - condition: not clot
treats cognitive heart failure
prevents blood clots from forming
treats blood clots that are blocking blood flow and artery by breaking it appart
blocks absorption of sodium from kidney to blood. sodium is excreted it brings water & potasium- decreases volume of blood thus BP
coronary artery bypass graft- procedure to bypass and occluded coronary artery and restore blood flow to the the myocardium
transesophageal echo cardiography- a swallowed sound transmitter positioned behind heart to create a better image in the echocardiography (ultrasound)
Congenital heart disease, a malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. The term "congenital" speaks only to time, not to causation; it means "born with" or "present at birth."
congestive heart failure- inability of heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood. Can be caused by coronary artery disease or hypertension
deep vein thrombosis (blood clot)
peripheral artery disease- atherosclerosis of the arteries in the legs. poor blood flow to extremities, ischemia of tissue
Cerebrovascular accident. Cerebrovascular accident: The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
electrocardiography- electrical image of heart's contractions and relaxation
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty- reconstruction of coronary artery that is narrowed by atherosclerosis
procedure to remove plaque from an accolade carotid artery. Used to treat carotid stenosis due to atherosclerosis.
transducer to produce ultra high-frequency sound waves to bounce off heart creating an image= 2D
monitoring of heart rate and rhythm on a continuous basis - typically 24 hrs, patient keeps diary of activities
procedure to treat an arrhythmia that can't be controlled with antiarrthythmic drugs- shock with difibulator
dyscrasia: painful, difficult, abnormal-condition or a mixing
severe bacterial infection of the tissues that spreads to the blood and then entire body. septic--emia: infection - condition of the blood
poly-cyt/o-hem/o-ia: many - cell -blood -condition.. increased number of erythrocytes due to uncontrolled production by red marrow. cause unknown. blood thickens and volume increases
fluid collects in the alveoli resulting in a back up of blood in the pulmonary circulation because of failure of the left side of the heart to adequately pump blood.
harsh, sucking sound made by blood passing through an artery narrowed and roughened by atherosclerosis.
leuk/o-white emia-condition of blood: cancer of the leukocytes. Excessive number of leukocytes crowd out other cells in the bone marrow.
any of several hemorrhagic states characterized by patches of purplish discoloration resulting from extravasation of blood into the skin and mucous membranes
an abnormal rhythm; especially : a disordered rhythm exhibited in a record of electrical activity of the brain or heart.
decrease in the number of erythrocytes due to vitamin deficiency, cancer treatments, cell fragility, hemorrhage
a bluish discoloration, especially of the skin and mucous membranes, due to excessive concentration of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood caused by deoxygenation.
sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
occurring in an abnormal position
a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.
gradual decline of a disease process
hypertensive heart disease
heart problems that occur because of high blood pressure. These problems include: Coronary artery disease and angina Heart failure Thickening of the heart muscle (called hypertrophy)
transient ischemia attacks
blood flow to a part of the brain stops for a brief time. A person will have stroke-like symptoms for up to 24 hours.