CH 5&6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CH 5&6 Deck (95):
1

coronary heart disease

most common disease process of the cardiovascular system, caused by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis

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-rrhexis

rupture

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idi/o-

unknown or individual

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Hypotension

a decrease in systolic and diastolic pressures which is below normal. It can occur because of shock, hemorrhage, dehydration, and many other disorders

5

necr/o

dead cells, tissue, body

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micr/o

shape

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pan-

all

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cerebrovascular accident

sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.

9

embolus

the thrombus breaks free and moves with the blood-The embolus moves about until it gets too big for an artery, occluding it.

10

-lysis, -lytic

gradual decline of a disease process

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TIA

(transient ischemic attack)is the temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain

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flutter

a rapid, regular contraction

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aort/o-

argest artery is the aorta

14

dysrhythmia

an abnormal rhythm; especially : a disordered rhythm exhibited in a record of electrical activity of the brain or heart.

15

lymph/o

lymph, lymphatic system

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diurectic drugs

blocks absorption of sodium from kidney to blood. sodium is excreted it brings water & potasium- decreases volume of blood thus BP

17

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft- procedure to bypass and occluded coronary artery and restore blood flow to the the myocardium

18

carotid endarterectomy

procedure to remove plaque from an accolade carotid artery. Used to treat carotid stenosis due to atherosclerosis.

19

syncope

brief loss of consciousness

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echocardiography

transducer to produce ultra high-frequency sound waves to bounce off heart creating an image= 2D

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anemia

decrease in the number of erythrocytes due to vitamin deficiency, cancer treatments, cell fragility, hemorrhage

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Deep vein thrombosis

a complication of immobilization that can be caused by lying in a hospital bed or some type of immobilization

23

HTN

Hypertension or high blood pressure (HTN) is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls

24

ven/o

vein

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Hypertension

is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls

26

MI

myocardial infarction

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transient ischemic attack

temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain

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morph/o

shape

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CAD

coronary artery disease

30

leukemia

leuk/o-white emia-condition of blood: cancer of the leukocytes. Excessive number of leukocytes crowd out other cells in the bone marrow.

31

purpura

any of several hemorrhagic states characterized by patches of purplish discoloration resulting from extravasation of blood into the skin and mucous membranes

32

-emia

condition of the blood, substance in the blood

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palpitations

uncomfortable sensations in the chest caused by arrhythmias.

34

polycythemia (vera)

poly-cyt/o-hem/o-ia: many - cell -blood -condition.. increased number of erythrocytes due to uncontrolled production by red marrow. cause unknown. blood thickens and volume increases

35

CHD

Congenital heart disease, a malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. The term "congenital" speaks only to time, not to causation; it means "born with" or "present at birth."

36

splen/o

spleen

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transient ischemia attacks

blood flow to a part of the brain stops for a brief time. A person will have stroke-like symptoms for up to 24 hours.

38

Holter monitor

monitoring of heart rate and rhythm on a continuous basis - typically 24 hrs, patient keeps diary of activities

39

arteri/o-

root for artery

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immun/o

immune response

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macr/o

large

42

CVA

Cerebrovascular accident. Cerebrovascular accident: The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.

43

ecotopic sites

occurring in an abnormal position

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anticoagulants

prevents blood clots from forming

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cyan/o

blue

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pericardicentesis

(procedure of removing fluid from the pericardium by puncturing its wall and aspiration

47

-poises

process of formation

48

pulmonary edema

fluid collects in the alveoli resulting in a back up of blood in the pulmonary circulation because of failure of the left side of the heart to adequately pump blood.

49

hemangi/

blood vessels

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-sclerosis

a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.

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phleb/o

vein

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Angina pectoris

pain or pressure in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow and oxygenation to the heart muscle. angina is Latin and means to strangle; to choke or to suffocate

53

-cyte

cell

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dyscrasia

dyscrasia: painful, difficult, abnormal-condition or a mixing

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thrombus

a non-moveable collection of "stuff" from the blood and may cause an occlusion

56

-phobia

the fear of or to fear

57

leuk/o

white

58

stenosis

narrowing of valves that restricts complete emptying of the heart

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angi/o-; vas/o-; vascul/o-

all mean lymph or blood vessel

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erythr/o

red

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thromb/o-

clot

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hemophilia

blood-fondness of - condition: not clot

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PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty- reconstruction of coronary artery that is narrowed by atherosclerosis

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tele/o

distance

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rhythm/o, rrythm/o

rhythem

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hem/o, hemato

blood

67

coagulation

clotting process

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bruit

harsh, sucking sound made by blood passing through an artery narrowed and roughened by atherosclerosis.

69

-penia

condition of deficiency

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-edema

swelling

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hyperlipidemia

high lipids in the blood

72

ather/o

soft fatty substance

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DVT

deep vein thrombosis (blood clot)

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BP

Blood pressure

75

CHF

congestive heart failure- inability of heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood. Can be caused by coronary artery disease or hypertension

76

ECG, EKG

electrocardiography- electrical image of heart's contractions and relaxation

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arrhythmia

abnormal heart rhythm

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myocardial infarction

a coronary artery that has a blockage can cause the MI

79

murmur

abnormal heart sound of the valves

80

thromboytics drugs

treats blood clots that are blocking blood flow and artery by breaking it appart

81

heart block

the interruption of the electrical impulses in the conduction system

82

cardioversion

procedure to treat an arrhythmia that can't be controlled with antiarrthythmic drugs- shock with difibulator

83

PAD

peripheral artery disease- atherosclerosis of the arteries in the legs. poor blood flow to extremities, ischemia of tissue

84

TEE

transesophageal echo cardiography- a swallowed sound transmitter positioned behind heart to create a better image in the echocardiography (ultrasound)

85

sclera/o

hard

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angiography

lymph or blood vessel picture

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digitalis drugs

treats cognitive heart failure

88

septicemia

severe bacterial infection of the tissues that spreads to the blood and then entire body. septic--emia: infection - condition of the blood

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arteriol/o-

arterioles and means small artery

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ischemia

blockage of the flow of blood to tissue

91

mono-

one, only, single

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aneurysm

outpouching of an arterial wall due to wall weakening.

93

cyanosis

a bluish discoloration, especially of the skin and mucous membranes, due to excessive concentration of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood caused by deoxygenation.

94

ather/o-

fatty plaque

95

hypertensive heart disease

heart problems that occur because of high blood pressure. These problems include: Coronary artery disease and angina Heart failure Thickening of the heart muscle (called hypertrophy)