coronary heart disease
most common disease process of the cardiovascular system, caused by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis
unknown or individual
a decrease in systolic and diastolic pressures which is below normal. It can occur because of shock, hemorrhage, dehydration, and many other disorders
dead cells, tissue, body
sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
the thrombus breaks free and moves with the blood-The embolus moves about until it gets too big for an artery, occluding it.
gradual decline of a disease process
(transient ischemic attack)is the temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain
a rapid, regular contraction
argest artery is the aorta
an abnormal rhythm; especially : a disordered rhythm exhibited in a record of electrical activity of the brain or heart.
lymph, lymphatic system
blocks absorption of sodium from kidney to blood. sodium is excreted it brings water & potasium- decreases volume of blood thus BP
coronary artery bypass graft- procedure to bypass and occluded coronary artery and restore blood flow to the the myocardium
procedure to remove plaque from an accolade carotid artery. Used to treat carotid stenosis due to atherosclerosis.
brief loss of consciousness
transducer to produce ultra high-frequency sound waves to bounce off heart creating an image= 2D
decrease in the number of erythrocytes due to vitamin deficiency, cancer treatments, cell fragility, hemorrhage
Deep vein thrombosis
a complication of immobilization that can be caused by lying in a hospital bed or some type of immobilization
Hypertension or high blood pressure (HTN) is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls
is a condition where there is excessive pressure on the arterial walls
transient ischemic attack
temporary cessation of blood flow to the brain
coronary artery disease
leuk/o-white emia-condition of blood: cancer of the leukocytes. Excessive number of leukocytes crowd out other cells in the bone marrow.
any of several hemorrhagic states characterized by patches of purplish discoloration resulting from extravasation of blood into the skin and mucous membranes
condition of the blood, substance in the blood
uncomfortable sensations in the chest caused by arrhythmias.
poly-cyt/o-hem/o-ia: many - cell -blood -condition.. increased number of erythrocytes due to uncontrolled production by red marrow. cause unknown. blood thickens and volume increases
Congenital heart disease, a malformation of the heart or the large blood vessels near the heart. The term "congenital" speaks only to time, not to causation; it means "born with" or "present at birth."
transient ischemia attacks
blood flow to a part of the brain stops for a brief time. A person will have stroke-like symptoms for up to 24 hours.
monitoring of heart rate and rhythm on a continuous basis - typically 24 hrs, patient keeps diary of activities
root for artery
Cerebrovascular accident. Cerebrovascular accident: The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
occurring in an abnormal position
prevents blood clots from forming
(procedure of removing fluid from the pericardium by puncturing its wall and aspiration
process of formation
fluid collects in the alveoli resulting in a back up of blood in the pulmonary circulation because of failure of the left side of the heart to adequately pump blood.
a hardening or induration of a tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.
pain or pressure in the chest caused by inadequate blood flow and oxygenation to the heart muscle. angina is Latin and means to strangle; to choke or to suffocate
dyscrasia: painful, difficult, abnormal-condition or a mixing
a non-moveable collection of "stuff" from the blood and may cause an occlusion
the fear of or to fear
narrowing of valves that restricts complete emptying of the heart
angi/o-; vas/o-; vascul/o-
all mean lymph or blood vessel
blood-fondness of - condition: not clot
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty- reconstruction of coronary artery that is narrowed by atherosclerosis
harsh, sucking sound made by blood passing through an artery narrowed and roughened by atherosclerosis.
condition of deficiency
high lipids in the blood
soft fatty substance
deep vein thrombosis (blood clot)
congestive heart failure- inability of heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood. Can be caused by coronary artery disease or hypertension
electrocardiography- electrical image of heart's contractions and relaxation
abnormal heart rhythm
a coronary artery that has a blockage can cause the MI
abnormal heart sound of the valves
treats blood clots that are blocking blood flow and artery by breaking it appart
the interruption of the electrical impulses in the conduction system
procedure to treat an arrhythmia that can't be controlled with antiarrthythmic drugs- shock with difibulator
peripheral artery disease- atherosclerosis of the arteries in the legs. poor blood flow to extremities, ischemia of tissue
transesophageal echo cardiography- a swallowed sound transmitter positioned behind heart to create a better image in the echocardiography (ultrasound)
lymph or blood vessel picture
treats cognitive heart failure
severe bacterial infection of the tissues that spreads to the blood and then entire body. septic--emia: infection - condition of the blood
arterioles and means small artery
blockage of the flow of blood to tissue
one, only, single
outpouching of an arterial wall due to wall weakening.
a bluish discoloration, especially of the skin and mucous membranes, due to excessive concentration of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood caused by deoxygenation.
hypertensive heart disease
heart problems that occur because of high blood pressure. These problems include: Coronary artery disease and angina Heart failure Thickening of the heart muscle (called hypertrophy)