Ch 5 European Colonization Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 5 European Colonization Deck (20):
1

England sent the first colonists to North America to find _________ and__________

gold and silver

2

The first English colony was called ___________

Jamestown

3

Jamestown's leader was __________ _____________. He said that if you don't work you won't eat because the settlers didn't farm but looked for ____________ when they arrived.

John Smith

Gold

4

Peace did not always exist between the Powhatan Indians and the Jamestown settlers. The Powhatan hoped that the settlers would help them fight other ______________ but they wouldn't.

indians

5

The settlers and the Powhatans argued over land, peace lasted a while when ______________ married Pocohantas.

John Rolfe


Pocohantas

6

The Jamestown colonists built their settlement on a _____________ because it provided food, water and transportation.

River

7

The pilgrims became known as the Separatists because they wanted to separate from the __________________ _________________ ____________________

Church of England

8

The pilgrims set up their own government when they arrived. It was called the _______________ ________________

Mayflower Compact

9

The Mayflower Compact is a symbol of the first ______________ in the United States.

government

10

The Puritans wanted to make the church more __________. They did not want to ___________ from the church like the pilgrims.

pure

separate

11

The Puritans settled the ____________ ____________ colony.

Massachusetts Bay

12

The pilgrims in the Puritans both came to North America to practice their own _______________ ______________

religious freedom

13

The Puritans were _____________ prepared than the pilgrims when they came.

more

14

New Netherland was claimed by ____________ _____________, a Dutch explorer.

Henry Hudson

15

The _____________ ________________ what is the most important natural feature to the Dutch colonists. It was named for Henry Hudson.

Hudson River

16

In 1626 the Governor of New Netherland, ____________ ____________, bought Manhattan Island from the Manhates Indians and named it ___________ ______________.

Peter Minuit


New Amsterdam

17

New Amsterdam is now called ___________ _____________ __________

New York City

18

The New Netherland settlers were ________________.

diverse

19

If you traveled from New Netherland to Quebec Canada, which direction would you travel?

North

20

France claimed land in North America and named it New France. They sent missionaries to teach ____________ in New France

Catholicism