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Flashcards in Ch 5 Terms Deck (28):
1

The way that politicians or interest group leaders define an issue when presenting it to others

Issue framing

2

A symmetrical bell-shaped distribution of opinions centered on a single mode, or most frequent response

Normal distribution

3

The complex process by which people acquire their political values

Political socialization

4

The collective attitudes of citizens concerning a given issue or question

Public opinion

5

The implication that people choose what benefits them personally

Self interest principle

6

An asymmetrical but generally bell shaped distribution of opinions; its mode, or more frequent response, lies off to one side

Skewed distribution

7

Position in society, based on a combination of education, occupational status, and income

Socioeconomic status

8

A distribution of opinions that shows little change over time

Stable distribution

9

A distribution of opinions that shows two responses being chosen about as frequently as each other

Bimodal distribution

10

Interviewing a sample of citizens to estimate public opinion as a whole

Opinion polling

11

Government should do what majority wants

Majoritarian model

12

Government must merely allow free expression of the often numerous minority opinions

Pluralist model

13

Pattern or physical form of the responses when counted and plotted

Shape

14

Defines the average

Mode

15

States that what is learned first us learned best

Primary principle

16

States that what is learned first structures what is learned later

Structuring principle

17

Children often adopt the party of identification of their parents, particularly if both parents strongly identify with the same party

Family

18

Introduce authority figures outside the family and teach the importance of national slogans and holidays and democratic decision making

Primary schools

19

Often teach civic responsibility and offer more explicitly political content in their curricula

Secondary schools

20

The most important agents of early socialization

Community and peers

21

Defined in ch 1 as a consistent set of values and beliefs about the proper purpose and scope of government-can be used t interpret public opinion

Concept of ideology

22

People who form their political opinions on the basis of a distinct ideology

Ideologues

23

To promote order or equality

Purposes

24

When analyzing views on the government

Scope

25

States that people choose what benefits them personally

Self interest principle

26

Is notably lacking for the average American, but this lack is not a deterrent to Americans expressing political opinions

Information processing

27

Network of organized knowledge and benefits that guide the processing of information on a particular subject

Opinion schemata

28

Structure opinions, particularly in the absence of information

Political leadership