Ch 5: The Developing Person Throughout Life Flashcards Preview

Psychology > Ch 5: The Developing Person Throughout Life > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 5: The Developing Person Throughout Life Deck (27):
1

Prenatal Stage

  • 3 stages
  1. Zygote - fertalized egg - (0-10 days)
  2. Embryo - attached to uturus wall (2 weeks - 2 months)
  3. Fetus - looks human - (9 weeks to birth)
    1. at 6 months, it is responsive to sound and knows mother's voice

2

Teratogens

  • harmful agents that permeate the placenta and hurt the baby
  • any bad thing that can enter the baby's body
  • e.g. Alcohol, drugs, viruses

3

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

F.A.S.

mother drinks heavily during pregnancy

baby has severe mental problems and an oversized head

4

Reflexes babies are born with - (6)

  1. Rooting Reflex
  2. Withdraw Relfex
  3. Moro Reflex
  4. Palmer Reflex
  5. Bakinski Reflex
  6. Sphincter Reflex

  1. Rooting Reflex - touch cheek and baby turns to that side to look for food
  2. Withdraw Reflex - move away from pain
  3. Moro Reflex - arch back when scared
  4. Palmer Reflex - tighten hand when something touches foot
  5. Bakinski Reflex - spread toes when something touches foot
  6. Sphincter Reflex - Anus will open and close with pressure - for poop

5

Habituation

decreasing responses due to repeated stimulations

e.g. mobiles above baby's crib

6

*Jean Piaget

  • father of child cognitive development
  • babies brains are woking harder because their brain is still building
  • core idea - kids are different than adults because:
    • kids are active thinkers
    • kids try to understand the world by building schemas

7

Schema

  • mental molds that organize info
  • works like a database
  • when recieving new info, brain looks to older schemas for answers, can mistake something for another ifthey have similar traits

8

Assimilate

putting new experiences in a schema that already exists

9

Accomodate

creating a new schema

10

Piaget Stage Theory - (4)

  1. Sensorimotor
  2. Preoperational
  3. Concrete Operational
  4. Formal Operational

  1. Sensorimotor - (0-2) - you experience world through touch and taste
    1. object permanance
    2. stranger anxiety
  2. ​Preoperational - (2-6) - Learn language but no logic
    1. egocentric
    2. lack conservation
  3. Concrete Operational - (7 - 12) - can understand logic, jokes, and do basic math
  4. Formal Operational - (12 - adult) - have abstract thinking, concepts, symbols, and can deduce consequences

11

Object Permanance

knowing an object is still there when you can't see it

12

Stranger Anxiety

fear of strangers

13

Egocentric

world revolves around the kid

e.g. "Why is the moon following me?"

14

Conservation

no logic

e.g. tall and fat containers - same volume - can't tell which can hold more liquid when they are the same

15

Erik Erikson

8 Social Stages

  1. Trust vs Mistrust
  2. Autonomy vs "Shame on You"
  3. Initiative vs Guilt
  4. Industry vs Inferiority
  5. *Identity vs Role Confusion
  6. Intimacy vs Isolation
  7. Productivity vs Stagnation
  8. Integrity vs Despair

  1. (0 - 1.5) - Trust vs Mistrust
    1. baby calling for people to help with hunger and dirty diapers
  2. (1.5 - 3) - Autonomy vs "Shame on you"
    1. kids try to do things on their own, but are too uncoordinated
  3. (3-6) - Initiative vs Guilt
    1. kids try to act like their parents and try to do tasks they can't do
  4. (6-puberity) - Industry vs Inferiority
    1. Industry = kids doing really well at things
    2. Inferiority = kids doing poorly at things
  5. (teens) - Identity vs Role Confusion
    1. finding what your future is going to be
  6. (young Adult) - Intimacy vs Isolation
    1. wetheror not you want a partner in life
  7. (middle age) - Productivity vs Stagnation
    1. are you accomplishing things
  8. (old age) - Integrity vs Despair
    1. reflecting on your life

16

Lawrence Kohlberg

Moral Development - (3)

  1. Preconventional
  2. Conventional
  3. Postconventional

  1. Preconventional - avoid punishment or gain reward
    1. thinking you can gain something out of doing something
  2. Conventional - gain approval or it's the law!
    1. do things because it's the law or you hope to gain someone's approval
  3. Postconventional - "I believe some abstract principal" or Social Contrast(It's the right thing to do)
    1. you make up some reason why something's there

17

Heinz Dilemma

steal medical drugs to save a loved one because you can't pay for it

18

Development of Self Concept

  • (15-18months) - self concept starts
  • (8-10) - self concept becomes stable
  • positive self concept results in confidence, independence, optimism

19

3 types of parenting

  1. Authoritarian
  2. Permissive
  3. Authorative

  1. Authoritarian - strict
  2. Permissive - freedom, independent
  3. Authorative - comprimising, demanding but will listen
    1. leads to higher self confidence and higher self-esteem

20

Harry Harlow

  • Attachment Development
  • attachment is not from food, but from being soft, warm and comforting
  • monkey experiment - took baby monkies and put them in a room with a wire and felt monkey
    • wire monkey has food
    • when scared, the monkey will go to the soft felt monkey

21

Imprinting

form attachment from first care giver

all animals except humans

22

Critical Period

period after birth where you must be exposed to certain things or you will never get them

23

Mary Amsworth

  • Experiment on strange situation
  • invited kids into a strange room with mother in a different part of room - 2 types of kids
    1. kids would play - responsive mothers who came when called for
    2. kids wouldn't play - unresponsive mothers
      1. kid follows mother to other part of room

24

Fluid Intelligence

how well you can learn a new thing

25

Crystallized Intelligence

what you already know

26

Social Clock

when is the right time to do something?

e.g. leaving home, marrying, having kids

27

Developmental Psychology

A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span