Ch 6 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 6 Deck (126):
0

Amyl/o

Starch

1

An/o

Anus

2

Appendic/o

Appendix

3

Bil/i

Bile

4

Bronch/o

Bronchial tube

5

Celi/o

Belly, abdomen

6

Cheil/o

Lip

7

Cholangi/o

Bile vessel

8

Cib/o

Meal

9

Col/o

Colon

10

Dent/i

Tooth

11

Duoden/o

Duodenum

12

Enter/o

Intestine, small

13

Esophag/o

Esophagus

14

Eti/o

Cause

15

Gloss/o

Tongue

16

Glyc/o

Sugar

17

Hem/o

Blood

18

Herni/o

Hernia

19

Lapar/o

Abdomen

20

Bucc/o

Cheek

21

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

22

Choledoch/o

Common bile duct

23

Gastr/o

Stomach

24

Hepat/o

Liver

25

Ile/o

Ileum

26

Jejun/o

Jejunum

27

Lith/o

Stone

28

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

29

Pharyng/o

Throat

30

Labi/o

Lip

31

Lingu/o

Tongue

32

Lip/o

Fat

33

Mandibul/o

Mandible (lower jaw bone)

34

Abdomin/o

Abdominal

35

Odont/o

Tooth

36

Or/o

Mouth

37

Peritone/o

Peritoneum

38

Proct/o

Anus and rectum

39

Pylor/o

Pyloric sphincter

40

Rect/o

Rectum

41

Sialaden/o

Salivary gland

42

Sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

43

Splen/o

Spleen

44

Steat/o

Fat

45

Stomat/o

Mouth

46

Tonsill/o

Tonsils

47

-lysis

Breakdown, destructions, separation

48

-ase

Enzyme

49

-centesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid.

50

-chezia

Defecation, elimination of wastes

51

-ectasia

Dilation, widening

52

-Ectomy

Excision, removal

53

-spasm

Involuntary; contraction of muscles

54

-emia

Blood condition

55

-genesis

Condition of producing and forming

56

-graphy

Process of recording

57

-iasis

Abnormal condition of disease

58

-megaly

Enlargement

59

-orexia

Condition of

60

-pathy

Disease, condition

61

-pepsia

Digestion

62

-phagia

Eating, swallowing

63

-plasty

Surgical repair

64

-prandial

Meal

65

-ptosis

Falling, drooping, prolapse

66

-tresia

Perforation

67

-rrhage -rrhagia

Bursting forth of blood

68

-rrhaphy

Suture

69

-rrhea

Flow, discharge

70

-scopy

Process of visually examining

71

-stenosis

Narrowing, tightening

72

-Stasis

To stop, control

73

-tomy

Incision

74

-ptysis

Spitting

75

-emesis

Vomiting.

76

Spitting up blood from the respiratory tract and lungs

Hemoptysis

77

-rrhaphy

Suture

78

Which test would tell the presence of melena?

Stool guaiac

79

Which test is not a liver function test?

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

80

Which test would demonstrate choledocholithiasis?

Transhepatic cholangiography

81

Anastomosis

Cholecystojejunostomy

82

Twisting of part of the intestine upon itself.

Cecal volvulus

83

Liver function tests (LFTs)

Tests for presence of enzymes and bilirubin in blood

84

what are examples of LFTs?

ALT (alanine transminase) and AST (aspartame transaminase)

85

Stool culture

Test for microorganisms present in feces

86

Stool guaiac test or hemoccult test

Test to detect occult (hidden) blood in feces

87

X-ray images of the colon and rectum obtained after injection of barium into the rectum

Lower gastrointestinal series (barium enema)

88

X-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine obtained after administering barium by mouth

Upper gastrointestinal series

89

X-ray examination of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts

Cholangiography

90

A series of X-ray images are taken in multiple views (especially cross section)
Shows anatomy

Computed tomography (CT)

91

Sound waves beamed into the abdomen produce an image of abdominal viscera

Abdominal ultrasonography

92

Use of an endoscope combined with ultrasound to examine the organs of the gastrointestinal tract

Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS)

93

Magnetic waves produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

94

Radioactive imaging procedure that tracks the production and flow of bile from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine.

HIDA scan

95

Reducing the size of the stomach and diverting food to the jejunum (gastrojejunostomy)

Gastric bypass or bariatric surgery

96

Visual examination of the gastrointestinal tract using an endoscope

Gastrointestinal endoscopy

97

Visual (endoscopic) examination of the abdomen with a laparoscope inserted through small incisions in the abdomen.

Laparoscopy

98

Removal of the liver tissue for microscopic examination

Liver biopsy

99

Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach

Nasogastric intubation

100

Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen

Paracentesis

101

BE

Barium enema

102

BM

Bowel movement

103

BRBPR

Bright red blood per rectum-hematochezia

104

CD

Celiac disease

105

CT

Computed tomography

106

EGD

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

107

ERCP

Endoscopic retrograde cholangipancreatography

108

EUS

Endoscopic ultrasonography

109

FOBT

Fecal occult blood test

110

G tube

Gastronomy tube

111

GB

Gallbladder

112

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease

113

GI

Gastrointestinal

114

HBV

Hepatitis B virus

115

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

116

LAC

Laparoscopic-assisted colectomy

117

LFTs

Liver function tests (alk phos, bilirubin, AST, ALT

118

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

119

NG tube

Nasogastric tube

120

NPO

Nothing by mouth

121

PEG tube

Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

122

PEJ tube

Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy tube

123

PTHC

Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography

124

PUD

Peptic ulcer disease

125

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition