Ch 6 - Group Conformity And Influence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 6 - Group Conformity And Influence Deck (20)
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1

Group Size

Vary in size:
Small groups 3-20 people
Big groups 20+ people
Changes in group size has more power used to dynamics - bringing someone in - the power reduces. Persuasive power drops Orr once you add more to the group. The longer a group has developed the more a new addition will have a big impact on

2

Norms

Expectations on how to behave

3

Explicit

Group - how you should behave

4

Implicit

Self own experiences. Group and own expectations matter

5

Security in numbers

One against one won't work two or more agrees - more security. Take votes. For or against cam work.

6

Indoctrination

Ex: Military
Increasing commitment - limiting access of the outside information. Cults - contradictory information - be influenced by mindset of particular group - the more difficult - the more level of conformity

7

Identification

Peer groups and peer pressure - identity with groups - more personal connection - conform more. Down side: leads to groups who are overly concerned. Group think - leads to poor decisions not a good idea. Over identification of groups

8

Gender

Women are more likely to conform than men are.

9

Peer Pressure

Negative connotation - implication - negative. Could be positive - study groups

10

Personality

Self monitoring - high self monitors conform more than low self monitors - cognitive complexity:
High - see more variability. Able to make decisions and to stand up for self
Low - black and white. Do what the group says.
Low conform more than high conformity

11

Group Locomotion Hypothesis

Moving with group - more likely to conform - motivate with group - ego involvement and self involvement is high

12

Social comparison theory

Compare to others around - low levels of self esteem are easily persuaded.
High - less likely to compete to others

13

Consistency theory

Cognitive dissonance - suggest you do what the group does - why disagree? Conform to the behavior of group so you don't feel dissonance

14

Epistemological Weighting theory

How we know what we know. Two ways:
Personal experience - own observation - trial and error
Other people - interactions and teaching
Which one gained holds more importance to you. Less likely to conform to groups - individual. Learn socially - other people - more likely to conform

15

Hedonistic Hyphothesis

Emotional extremes - pleasure or sadness - conform to groups to avoid the pain of rejection or alienation. Conform to seek pleasure of conform

16

Social proof

Other people are doing it so that's why you do it - justification

17

Ostracism

Separated from group so you conform

18

Deindividuation

No longer responsible for behavior - ananomous - not an individual - engaging in behavior that you wouldn't do

19

Social Loafing

Idea that we might not have be involved in group because they have your back. Ex- groups in class with friends

20

Risk

We take risks in groups rather than alone