Flashcards in Ch. 62 EX: 4 & 5 Deck (25):
The stomach should be identified as a(n) ____ ____ structure in the LUQ inferior to the diaphragm.
If no fluid is apparent, the stomach should be reevaluated in ___ to ___ minutes to rule out the possibility of a CNS problem (swallowing disorders), obstruction, oligohydramnios, or atresia.
20 to 30
The abdominal circumference is measured at the level of the ____ sinus and the ____ portion of the left portal vein ("hockey stick" appearance on the sonogram).
The insertion of the umbilical cord must be imaged with ____ because it inserts both into the fetal abdomen and into the placenta.
the fetus is capable of ____ sufficient amounts of amniotic fluid to permit visualization of the stomach by 11 menstrual weeks.
After the 15th to 16th week, ____ begins to accumulate in the distal part of the small intestine as a combination of desquamated cells, bile pigments, and mucoproteins.
The region of the small bowel can be seen because it is slightly ____ compared with the liver and may appear "masslike" in the central abdomen and pelvis.
After 27 weeks, ____ of normal small bowel is increasingly observed.
The ____ ____ of the colon help to defferentiate it from the small bowel.
The ____ does not have peristalsis as the small bowel does.
The meconium within the lumen of the colon appears _____ relative to the fetal liver and in comparison with the bowel wall.
The ___ lobe of the liver is larger than the ___ in utero secondary to the greater supply of oxygenated blood.
The normal gallbladder may be seen sonographically after ____ weeks of gestation.
____ ____ may present as a total reversal of the thoracic and abdominal organs or as a partial reversal.
The stomach may or may not be reversed in ____ ____ ____.
Partial Situs Inversus
True ascites is identified within the peritoneal recesses, whereas ____ is always confined to an anterior or anterolateral aspect of the fetal abdomen.
A bowel obstruction results in ____ bowel dilatation that is characteristically recognized as one or more tubular structures within the fetal abdomen.
The most reliable criterion for diagnosing dilated bowel is the bowel ____, not the sonographic appearance.
A congenital blockage of the esophagus resulting from faulty separation of the foregut into its respiratory and digestive components is ____ ____.
In reference to the diagnosis in question 6 (esophageal atresia), the sonographer may observe the ____ stomach and ____.
Blockage of the jejunum and ileal bowel segments (jejunoileal atresia or stenosis) appears as multiple cystic structures ____ to the site of atresia within the fetal abdomen.
A small-bowel disorder marked by the presence of thick meconium in the distal ileum is ____
____ ____ may present as part of the VACTERL association or in caudal regression.
Hyperechoic bowel is a(n) ____ impression of unusually echogenic bowel, typically seen during the 2nd trimester.