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Flashcards in Ch 7 Deck (27):
0

Ellis island

In New York harbor where European immigrants had to pass inspection in order to be admitted to the US on the east coast

1

Angel island

In San Francisco where immigrants arriving on the west coast passed to gain entry to the US

2

Gentlemens agreement

Agreement by gov of japan to limit Japanese emigration to the US in exchange for the repeal of the San Francisco segregation order (separate schools)
Only the educated Japanese could come to America

3

Americanization movement

Education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to American culture

4

Jane Addams

First settle ment home

5

Political machine

Organized group that controls a political party in a city & offers services to voters & businesses in exchange for political and financial support
Controlled the activities of a political party in a city

6

Graft

Illegal use of political influence for personal gain

7

Boss tweed

City official of NY
Wanted a new courthouse
Said construction = 13 million
Actual cost = 3 million
Picketed 10 million & was caught -> jail SCAMMED TAX PAYERS

8

Patronage

Officeholders power to appoint people - those who have helped him or her get elected-to positions in government

9

Pendleton act

Fixed spoils system
Independent civil service commission to make gov. Appointments based on merit system

10

Stewarts

Republican supporters of NY strongly opposed civil-service reform

11

Chester A Arthur

Turned reformer as president
Persuaded congress to reform civil service, Pendleton act

12

Rutherford B Hayes

Strong supporter of civil service reform. Did not succeed in getting congress to help , he cleaned up the nations custom houses

13

Spoils system

Job not qualified for just because of who they know
Needed reform because it was unfair

14

Urbanization

Growth of cities

15

Tenements

City dwellers crowded multifamily of then unsanitary

16

Settlement houses

Community centers that provided assistance to the urban poor

17

What did the Americanization movement do?

Assimilated diverse people into the dominant culture

18

Why did people come to American?
Problems they faced ?

War
Land shortages
Farming
Religious/political persecution
Famine
Jobs
Transportation
Problems- different language culture clothing finding a job unsanitary poop and nativism

19

What jobs did the city have to offer?

Manufacturing. Construction, housing

20

Similarities and differences between old and new immigrants

Sim- jobs new life discrimination war religious freedom
New-familiar with America
Old - easier to enter not as familiar

21

Melting pot

Mixture of diverse cultures whose people blended together by abandoning their native language and customs

22

Nativism

Idea that led to the rise in anti immigrant groups & a demand for immigration restriction

23

Chinese exclusion act

Immigration restriction passed by congress that did not allow Chinese to come to America

24

Political corruption

Immigrants did not know how the government worked so people took advantage of them

25

Grover Cleveland

Lower tariffs

26

Benjamin harrison

Higher tariffs than they were