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Flashcards in Ch. 7 Deck (118):
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Widening and dilation of the calyx

Caliectasis

1

Inflammation of the urinary bladder

Cystitis

2

Removal of the urinary bladder

Cystectomy

3

Visual exam of urinary bladder

Cystoscopy

4

Pertaining to the glomerulus

Glomerular

5

Incision in the meatus

Meatotomy

6

Disease of kidney

Nephropathy

7

Drooping of kidney

Nephroptosis

8

Incision to the kidney to remove a stone

Nephrolithotomy

9

Hardening of the kidney

Nephrosclerosis

10

Incision into the renal pelvis to remove a stone

Pyelolithotomy

11

Spasm causing pain in the kidney

Renal colic

12

Inflammation of the tongue

Trigonitis

13

Pertaining to the ureter

Ureteral

14

Surgical repair of the ureter

Ureteroplasty

15

Incision into the ureter to remove a stone

Ureterolithotomy

16

Pertaining to the urethra

Urethral

17

Inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

18

Condition of protein in the urine

Albuminuria

19

Excessive nitrogenous waste in the blood stream

Azotemia

20

Bacteria in the urine (UTI)

Bacteriuria

21

A condition that contains high levels of acids and acetones in the urine as a result of abnormal fat breakdown

Ketonuria

22

Abnormal condition of kidney stones

Nephrolithiasis

23

Excessive urination at night

Nocturia

24

Scant (small) amounts of urination

Oliguria

25

Pus in the urine

Pyuria

26

To crush a stone

Lithotripsy

27

A waste product building in the blood

Uremia

28

Blood in the urine

Hematuria

29

Condition of bedwetting

Enuresis

30

Complete urine

Diuresis

31

Not able to hold urine

Incontinence

32

Painful urination

Dysuria

33

Not putting out urine

Anuria

34

Measurement of urea levels in the blood

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

35

Measurement of the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidney

Creatinine clearance

36

X ray exam of the kidneys, ureters and bladder

Kidneys, ureters and bladder (KUB)

37

X-ray exam of blood vessels of the kidneys

Renal angiography

38

X-ray image of the renal pelvis and ureters after injection of contrasts through a urinary catheter into the ureters from the bladder

Retrograde pyelogram (RP)

39

Process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood

Dialysis

40

Removal of kidney tissue for microscopic exam

Renal biopsy

41

Surgical transfer of a kidney from a donor to a recipient

Renal transplantation

42

Passage of a flexible,tubular instrument through the urethra into the urinary bladder

Urinary catheterization

43

Remains in they to bladder all the time, an inflated balloon on the end of the catheter helps hold it in the bladder

Indwelling catheters

44

Short piece of flexible tube, may be used for collecting a urine sample or for draining residual urine

Straight catheterization

45

Done when a person does not have bladder control but can learn to catheterization themselves routinely through the day ex

Intermittent catheterization

46

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

47

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

48

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

49

KUB

Kidney, ureter, and bladder

50

U/A

Urinalysis

51

UTI

Urinary tract infection

52

Nitrogenous wastes

Urea, creatinine, uric acid

53

Enzymatic hormone important in adjusting blood pressure

Renin

54

Hormone that stimulate rbc production in the bone marrow

Erythropoietin

55

Active form of vitamin d necessary for the absorption of calcium from the intestine

Calciferol

56

Filter the blood

Glomeruli

57

Three steps in formation of urine

Glomerular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion

58

Glomerulus and renal tubule combined

Nephron

59

Cuplike collecting region of the renal pelvis

Calyx or calix

60

Outer region of an organ

Cortex

61

Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

Creatinine

62

Depression in the part of an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave

Hilum

63

Opening or canal

Meatus

64

Inner region of an organ

Medulla

65

Functional unit of the kidney where filtration, reabsorption and secretion take place

Nephron

66

Central collection region in the kidney

Renal pelvis

67

Triangular area in the urinary bladder

Trigone

68

Calyx (cf)

Calyx

69

Urinary bladder (cf)

Cyst/o
Vesic/o

70

Glomerulus (cf)

Glomerul/o

71

Meatus (cf)

Meat/o

72

Renal pelvis (cf)

Pyel/o

73

Trigone(cf)

Trigon/o

74

Albumin (cf)

Albumin/o

75

Nitrogen (cf)

Azot/o

76

Bacteria

Bacteri/o

77

Thirst (cf)

Dips/o

78

Potassium (cf)

Kal/o

79

Ketone bodies

Ket/o
Keton/o

80

Stone

Lith/o

81

Sodium

Natr/o

82

Night

Noct/o

83

Scanty

Olig/o

84

Substance that forms (s)

-poietin

85

Pus

Py/o

86

To crush

-tripsy

87

Urination (s)

-uria

88

Urine (cf)

Urin/o

89

Urea (cf)

Ur/o

90

Inflammation of the glomeruli whiting the kidney

Glomerulonephritis

91

Inflammation of the ct that lies between the renal tubules

Interstitial nephritis

92

Kidney stones

Nephrolithiasis

93

Group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in urine

Nephrotic syndrome

94

Multiple fluid filled sacs within and on the kidney

Poly cystic kidney disease

95

Inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma

Pyelonephritis

96

Cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood

Renal cell carcinoma

97

Decrease in excretion of wastes results from impaired filtration function

Renal failure

98

High blood pressure resulting from kidney disease

Renal hypertension

99

Malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood

Wilms tumor

100

Malignant tumor of urinary bladder

Bladder cancer

101

Antidiuretic hormone is not secreted or there is a resistance of the kidney to ADH

Diabetes insipidus (DI)

102

X-ray images obtained using ct show multiple cross sectional and other views of the kidney

Ct urography

103

X-ray image of the urinary bladder and urethra obtained while the patient is voiding

Voiding cystourethrogram

104

Imaging urinary tract structures using high frequency sound waves

Ultrasonography

105

Image of kidney after injecting a radioisotope into the bloodstream

Radioisotope

106

To hold back, back (cf)

Isch/o

107

Stretching , dilation (s)

-ectasis

108

Condition (s)

-esis

109

Condition of stones (s)

-lithiasis

110

Little,small (s)

-ole

111

Droop,sag (s)

-ptosis

112

New opening (s)

-stomy

113

Again (p)

Anti-

114

Complete (p)

Dia-

115

Bad,painful (p)

Dys-

116

In, within (p)

En-

117

Behind,back (p)

Retro-