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Psychology > Ch 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 Deck (44):
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Consciousness

Our awareness of ourselves and our environment

1

Biological rhythms

Periodic fluctuations in our bodies physiological states

2

Circadian rhythm

Any regular bodily rhythm that follows a 24 hour cycle

3

Rem sleep

Rapid eye movement
Sleep stage in which the brain and eyes are active, muscles are relaxed, and vivid dreaming occurs

4

Alpha waves

Types of waves on an EEG when drowsy (stage1)

5

Sleep

A state we do not know we are in until we leave it

6

Hallucinations

During stage 1, may experience fantastic images, hypnagogic sensations

7

Delta waves

Slow, large brain waves during stages 3&4

8

Insomnia

A sleep disorder in which the person regularly has difficulty in falling or staying asleep

9

Narcolepsy

Sleep disorder in which the victim suffers sudden uncontrollable sleep attacks, often characterized by entry directly into rem

10

Sleep apnea

Sleep disorder in which the person ceases breathing while asleep briefly arouses to gasp for air, falls back asleep

11

Sleep terrors

Episodes of high arousal with apparent terror

12

Dreams

Sequence of images, emotions or thoughts that pass through sleeping mind

13

Manifest content

Remembered story line of a dream

14

Latent content

Underlying meaning of a dream

15

Rem rebound

Tendency for rem sleep to increase following rem sleep deprivation (created by repeated awakenings during rem sleep)

16

Hypnosis

Social interaction in which one person (hypnotist) suggests to another (subject) that certain things will spontaneously occur

17

Anton Mesmer

"Mesmerize" skepticism surrounding hypnosis

18

Posthypnotic suggestion

Suggestion made during hypnosis session, to be carried out after subject is not longer hypnotized

19

Social influence theory

Subjects get caught up in their role of a good hypnosis subject

20

Theodore barber

Social influence theory

21

Ernest hilgard

Divided consciousness theory

22

Dissociation

Allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others

23

Divided consciousness theory

Split in consciousness

24

Age regression

Recall of forgotten events that have been repressed

25

Psychoactive drug

Chemical substance that alters perception and mood

26

Tolerance

Diminishing effect with regular use of same dose of drug requiring the user to take larger doses before experiencing effect

27

Withdrawal

Discomfort and distress that follows discontinuing the use of an addictive drug

28

Physical dependence

Psychological need for drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when drug is discontinued

29

Psychological dependence

Psychological need to use drug

30

Addiction

Compulsive drug craving and use

31

Depressants

Drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions

32

Barbiturates

Drugs that depress the activity of the CNS reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgement

33

Opiates

Depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety

34

Stimulants

Drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions

35

Amphetamines

Drugs that stimulate neural activity speedy body functions and associated energy and mood changes

36

Methamphetamines

Reduce dopamine levels
Powerfully addictive drug that stimulates CNS. With speeded up body functions and associated energy and mood changes

37

Ecstasy

Synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen
short term health risks
Long term harm to serotonin producing neurons

38

Hallucinogens

Drugs, like LSD, distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input

39

LSD

Powerful hallucinogen aka acid

40

THC

Major active ingredient in marijuana, triggers variety of effects, including mild hallucinogen

41

Near death experience

Altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death, often similar to drug induced hallucinations

42

Dualism

The presumption that mind and body are two distinct entities that interact

43

Monism

The presumption that mind and body are separate aspects of the same thing