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Flashcards in Ch 7 ... <3 Deck (43):
1

Key factors of attractiveness

Appearance (fundamental effect)
Proximity
Attitude similarity
Mutual liking

2

Physical attractiveness stereotype

Tendency to assume attractive people possess socially desirable traits (halo effect)

3

Averageness effect

People prefer average faces to distinct ones

4

Perceptual fluency

Relative ease of mental operations

5

Sexual strategy

Buss & Schmitt, Evolutionary strategy to maximize chance of reproducing. Explains why males prefer young, healthy, attractive women, and women prefer status, maturity, resources. Also explains men's propensity to engage in short term relationships.

6

Short or Long term Sexual Strategy chosen depends on:

Opportunity
Personal market value
Sex ratio
Cultural features

7

Matching phenomenom

People's tendency to choose people similar in physical attractiveness

8

Compensatory factors

Make up for lack of looks in other areas

9

Asset matching

Seeking complementary assets allows people to exchange what they want in relationships

10

Proximity/ propinquity effect

Physical closeness facilitates attraction and relationship formation

11

Anticipation effect

Anticipation of interaction increases attractiveness

12

Excitation transfer

Any physiologically arousing stimuli may be transferred to feeling of attraction

13

Need to affiliate

Motive to seek and maintain relationships with others

14

Affect

Emotional state, consists of feelings and moods

15

Attitude similarity

Increased attractiveness when similar attitudes, values , and interests

16

Self-disclosure

Willingness to share info about oneself and one's feelings

17

Complementarity

Idea that people seek out traits in relationships that complement their own

18

Reciprocity

Mutual liking increases attractiveness

19

Social exchange theory

Evaluation of a relationship depends on perception of:
1. Rewards
2. Costs
3. Relationship they deserve and likelihood of a better one

20

Comparison level

People's expectations about the costs and rewards based on previous relationships

Comparison level for alternatives: Comparison to different relationship

21

Equity theory

Theory that people are most satisfied in relationship that is most equitable

22

Norm of reciprocity

Norm of give and take

23

Reinforcement affect model/ liking by association/ reward theory of attraction

Byrne & Clore, Model of attraction that posits we like people who are present when we experience positive feelings

24

Love

Group of emotions, behaviours and cognitions experienced in intimate relationships

25

Passionate love

Characterized by intense emotional and physical feelings

26

Companionate love

Characterized by deep caring and affection, commonly follows compassionate love in long term relationships

27

Sternberg Triangular theory

Love is a combination of passion, intimacy and commitment that results in different forms of love (p. 328)

28

Arranged marriage effect

Love marriage start happier but result in decline of love. Arranged marriage love increases over years

29

John Lee 6 styles of love

1. Eros: Passionate
2. Ludus: Game-playing
3. Storge: Friendship
4. Mania: Possessive
5. Agape: Selfless
6. Pragma: Logical

30

Who falls in love quicker

Men

31

Attachment behaviours

The behaviours an infant will display to close to primary caregiver

32

Attachment styles

Expectations people develop about their relationships, based on past relationships

33

Strange situation

Ainsworth, procedure designed to measure attachment style in infant

34

Secure attachment

Trust, less concern about being alone, feel worthy and liked

35

Avoidant

Low trust, avoidance

36

Anxious/ ambivalent

(Resistant) Clinging, hostile, anxiety that feelings not reciprocated

37

Disorganized

Rapid cycling of behaviours, unusual behaviours (freezing, self-harm, anger), may be early indicator of pathology, response to abuse/ neglect

38

Commitment

Wish or intention to stay in relationship

39

Partner regulation

Actively attempting to change one's partner to fit own ideal

40

Reason for relationship breakdown

Falling out of love
Affair
Business problems
Unreasonable behaviour

41

Relationships tend to last if:

Parents had stable relationship (modeling?)
Similar SES and background of partners
Similar attitudes towards love, disclosure, investment, commitment and relationship satisfaction
Time spent together maintained

42

Process of detachment

1. Thinking about it
2. Discussion, negotiation, reconciliation
3. Acknowledgement of end
4. Separation, functional and social division

43

Triangular Theory Equations

INTIMACY
Romantic love= intimacy + passion
PASSION
Fatuous love= passion + commitment
COMMITMENT
Companionate love= intimacy + commitment

CONSUMMATE LOVE= intimacy + passion+ committment