Ch 7 - Social Stratification, Inequality, and Poverty Flashcards Preview

SOC 101 > Ch 7 - Social Stratification, Inequality, and Poverty > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 - Social Stratification, Inequality, and Poverty Deck (20):
1

Achieved Status

Status earned

2

Ascribed Status

Born with

3

SES

Socio-Economic Status
1. Income
2. Wealth
3. Occupation
4. Education
5. Political Voice
***Short answer question

4

Social inequality

Disparity in income, wealth, prestige, and other resources

5

Social Stratification

Systematic ranking of people in a hierarchy of inequality

6

Caste v. Class Society

Caste: closed to social mobility. Status given for life

Class: changing class status is possible

7

Poverty

Unable to pay for basic necessities

8

Income

The amount of money a person/household earns in a year

9

Wealth (Net worth)

Value of everything owned minus debts

10

Class

persons economic position in society
- income, wealth, occupation, education

11

Income distribution

Top 20% = 51%
60-80 = 23%
40-60 = 14.4%
20-40 = 8.4%
0-20 = 3.2%

12

Blue collar

Manual Labor

13

White Collar

Jobs in offices, banks, etc

14

Pink collar

Low paying jobs traditionally done by women.
Nurse, secretary etc

15

Gold Collar

Low wage, but no college loans etc so spend the extra money on luxuries

16

Political Voice

Power to influence political change

17

Power Elite

Small group of people who control a disproportionate amount of power, wealth, privilege, and access
- C. Wright Mills

18

Gilbert-Kahl Class in the US Model

Drop of water metaphor
1. Capitalist class- Investors, heirs, executives. $1.5M/year. Top 1%
2. Upper-Middle: Upper management, professionals, medium business sized owners. 14%, $80k/year
3. Middle: Lower managers, non-retail sales, semi-professionals. 30%, $45k/year
4. Working Class: low skill manual, clerical, and retail. 30%. $30k/yera
5. Working Poor: minimum wage jobs, lowest pai. 13%. $20k/year
6. Under Class: unemployed, part time, public assistance. 13%. $10k/year

19

Food Deserts

An area where affordable and nutritious food is hard to obtain

20

Average Household Income

Bottom 90%: $31,244/year
Top 1-10%: $164,647/year
Top 1%: $1.14M/year

Richest 10% = 2/3 of Americas Wealth