Ch 8 Terms Flashcards Preview

American Gov > Ch 8 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 8 Terms Deck (29):
1

A closed meeting of the members of a political party to decide questions of policy and the selection of the candidates for office

Caucus

2

An organization maintained by a political party to raise funds to support its own candidates in congressional elections

Congressional campaign committee

3

An election that produces a sharp change in the existing pattern of party loyalties among group of voters

Critical election

4

A body of electors chosen by voters to cast ballots for president and Vice President

Electoral college

5

The change in voting patterns that occurs after a critical election

Electoral realignment

6

The system by which one office, contested by two or more candidates, is won by single candidate who collects the most votes

Majority representation

7

A committee of a political party composed of party chairpersons and party officials from every state

National committee

8

A gathering of delegates of a single political party from across the country to choose candidates for president and Vice President and to adapt a party platform

National convention

9

Designation as an official candidate of a political party

Nomination

10

A meeting to select party leaders and decide committee assignments, held at the beginning of a session of congress by republicans or democrats in each chamber

Party conference

11

A voters sense of psychological attachment to a party

Party identification

12

A centralized party organization that dominates local politics by controlling elections

Party machine

13

The statement of policies of a national political party

Party platform

14

An organization that sponsors candidates for political office under the organizations name

Political party

15

A set of interrelated institutions that link people with government

Political system

16

The system by which legislative seats are awarded to a party in proportion to the vote that party wins in a election

Proportional representation

17

A set of principles formalizing the ideal role of parties in a majoritarian democracy

Responsible party government

18

A political system in which two major political parties compete for control of the government. Candidates from a third party have little chance of winning office

Two party system

19

Reducing the number of candidates on the ballot

Structure

20

Helping voters choose between policies as well as between personalities

Alternative government programs

21

Helping to bridge the separation of power

Coordinate

22

Federalist vs democratic republicans

First party system

23

Democratic vs Whig

Second party system

24

Democrats vs republicans

Present party system

25

Formed by factions that split off from one of the major parties

Bolter

26

Represented groups who felt that the working class was not getting enough its share of society's wealth

Farmer labor parties

27

Attacked the established system

Ideological protest

28

Promote principles rather than a general philosophy of government

Single issue parties

29

Try to guide each parties legislative activities within each chamber

Congressional party conference