Ch. 8.3 The Russian Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 8.3 The Russian Revolution Deck (14):
1

soviets

councils composed of reps from workers and soldiers

2

war communism

gov't control of banks and most industries, seizing grain from peasants, and centralization of state admin. under Communist control (supplies armies)

3

(a) coincide

"The overthrow of the provisional government COINCIDED with a meeting in Petrograd of the all-Russian Congress of Soviets, which represented soviets from all over the country."

4

(a) irrelevant

"The spread of the socialist revolution throughout Europe would make the treaty largely IRRELEVANT."

5

(p) Alexandra

German-born. wife of Czar Nicholas II. fell under influence of Rasputin, esp. because she thought he was holy and was able to help her son's hemophilia. made many decisions for the empire while czar was at battlefront.

6

(p) Grigori Rasputin

uneducated Siberian peasant. claimed to be holy man. influenced Alexandra---important power behind throne.

7

(p) Alexander Kerensky

head provisional gov't. decide to remain in war

8

(p) Bolsheviks

began as small part of Marxist party (Russian Social Democrats). led by Vladimir Ilyich Ulianov aka Lenin. dedicated to revolution. means majority

9

(p) V. I. Lenin

led the Bolsheviks/Communists. storm Winter Palace+overthrow provisional gov't. signed Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany to get out of war. greatly affected Russian Revolution.

10

(p) Leon Trotsky

commissar of war. disciplined Red Army, so able to win the civil war. help Lenin.

11

(pl) Petrograd

(St. Petersburg) March 1917: series of strikes led by working-class women broke out here

12

(pl) Ukraine

Lenin gave up this country, eastern Poland, Finland, and the Baltic provinces in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany

13

(pl) Siberia

anti-communist/White forces from here attacked westward almost to the Volga R.

14

(pl) Urals

April 1918: the royal family was moved to a town in these region