Flashcards in Ch 84: Burns Deck (17):
First-degree burns are ___________ partial-thickness burns, which are painful, dry, red, but not _________. Mild swelling is possible. They involve the _________ only, thus, the _________ _______ is not destroyed.
Second-degree burns are also partial-thickness burns, but they extend beyond the _________, thus destroying the _________ _______. They may exhibit mild to moderate _____, are severely _______, and will cause _____ blisters.
Name 5 types of burn injuries.
cold thermal (frostbite)
Third degree burns are not painful because the _____ ______ is destroyed; (however, they cause _______ pain from inflammation and ________). They appear ___, leathery, black, white or ______, and waxy or pearly. These full-thickness burns extend from the epidermis, through the dermis, to the underlying tissue, ___, muscle, or ____.
nerve supply; somatic; ischemia
The ____ and _______ chart is often used in burn centers because it takes into account the total body surface area based on age.
Lund and Browder
What should NOT be applied to burns during the initial burn management?
ice, lotions, betadine, hydrogen peroxide
What is the fluid of choice for resuscitation of a burn patient?
lactated ringer's; use crystalloids, not colloids
[Dr. Myers' Burn powerpoint/camtasia lecture]
What is the Parkland formula?
Calculate the volume for 24-hour resuscitation of a 100 kg man with 50% TBSA burns.
4 cc's per kg, x (TBSA% x 100)
(e. g. a 100 kg man with burns over 50% of his body should receive [4 x 100(kg) x 0.50 x 100] = 20,000 cc's or 20 liters given in the first 24 hours.
After calculating the 24 hour resuscitation volume using the Parkland formula, how much should you give and when?
Give half of the total volume in the first 8 hours (measured from the time of injury, not beginning of medical treatment), then one
quarter of it over the next 8 hours, and the last quarter of it over the last 8 hours.
(Example: 20 L total volume. Give 10 L over the first 8 hours, 5 L over the next 8 hours, and another 5 L over the last 8 hours.)
Fluid resuscitation for burn patients should begin __ ___ _____. Fluid requirements are calculated from the ____ __ ______.
in the field
time of injury
How is the Modified Brooke formula different from the Parkland formula?
It uses a multiplier of 2 ml/kg instead of 4.
Drugs should never be given to burn patients via _____________ or ____________ routes because of uncertain absorption.
intramuscular or subcutaneous
What is the only enzymatic debridement agent approved in the U. S. for use?
What microbes does silver sulfadiazene (Silvadene) cover?
gram-positive and gram-negative organisms, as well as Candida
Which topical antibiotic is indicated for superficial burns, facial burns, and staphylococcal organism coverage?
What signs and symptoms (name 7) are associated with laryngeal edema secondary to smoke inhalation injury?
burns to the face
singed nares or eyebrows
dark soot/mucus from nose or mouth
hx of a burn that likely occurred in a closed space