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Flashcards in ch 9 Deck (26)
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1

punitive turn

the move from rehabilitative programs to ones that offer punishment

2

critical criminology (3 parts)

concerned with social justice and inequality, promotes active opposition to the status quo, and favours large-scale societal transformations rather than minor policy changes

3

marxism (3 parts)

school of thought rooted in social conflict, class relations, and inequalities caused by capitalism

4

neo-marxism

intersectionality of capitalism and opression

5

6 types of scholars with roots in marxism

neo-marxism, feminist, race/post-colonial, left realist, post-structuralist, and peace-making

6

conflict theories (2 parts)

focus on unequal distribution of power; society is built upon conflicts between classes

7

interactionist perspective

focuses on relatively small-scale social interactions

8

what are 2 feminist problems with mainstream criminology?

androcentric research and disregard for women's issues

9

4 major forms of feminist criminology

liberal, marxist, socialist, radical

10

feminists that focus on the legal system

liberal

11

feminists that focus on unequal class/gender relations due to capitalism

marxist

12

feminists that focus on inequality due to capitalism and advocate for socialist changes and the end to the patriarchy

socialist

13

feminists that see patriarchy as omnipresent and the root of all problems

radical

14

explain Chesney-Lind's observation on the rising rates of women in prisons

funds towards supporting low-income women and their families have been funnelled into the criminal justice system

15

critical race theory (2 parts)

examines ways in which race and racial power are constructed by society and sees the criminal justice system as part of the problem

16

post-colonial theory (2 parts)

examines struggles for political freedom among former colonies of European powers and how we view the "others"

17

the belief that racism is entrenched in society's institutions

systemic racism

18

believes that crime is rooted in social conditions

left realist scholars

19

what are the 4 elements of the square of crime as posited by left realists?

offender, victim, state, informal social controls

20

crime is more likely in situations where members of a particular group experience discontent as a result of being deprived of things to which other groups have access

relative deprivation

21

a segment of society that forms in response to a shared problem

subculture

22

social and economic processes that lead some groups to be excluded from opportunities available to others

marginalization

23

people who oppose the use of imprisonment

abolitionists

24

people who seek to reduce the use of imprisonment

minimalists

25

a term used to attribute rising incarceration rates to for-profit organizations

prison industrial complex

26

post-structuralism (2 parts)

concerned with how power operates between and among people. examines power in relation to language and social practices