Flashcards in Ch 9 Deck (18):
A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (a drive) that motivates us to satisfy the need
A basic bodily requirement
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior
The principle that performance increases with arousal only up to a point, beyond which performance decreases
Maslow's pyramid of human needs; at the base are physiological needs. These basic needs must be satisfied before higher level safety needs, and then psychological needs, become active.
Hierarchy of needs
The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When it's level is low, we feel hunger.
The point at which your "weight thermostat" may be set. When your body falls below this weight, increased hunger and a lower metabolic rate may combine to restore lost weight.
The body's resting rate of energy output
Basal metabolic rate
Deliberate social exclusion of individuals or groups
Excessive self-love and self-absorption
A response of the whole organism involving 1) bodily arousal, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience
The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to an emotion arousing stimulus
The theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers 1) physiological responses and 2) the subjective experience of emotion
Schachter and Singer's theory that to experience emotion we must 1) be physically aroused and 2) cognitively label the arousal
A machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures some bodily responses (changes in perspiration, heart rate, and breathing) accompanying emotion