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Flashcards in Ch 9 Deck (18):
1

A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

Motivation

2

The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state (a drive) that motivates us to satisfy the need

Drive-reduction theory

3

A basic bodily requirement

Physiological need

4

A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level

Homeostasis

5

A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

Incentive

6

The principle that performance increases with arousal only up to a point, beyond which performance decreases

Yerkes-Dodson law

7

Maslow's pyramid of human needs; at the base are physiological needs. These basic needs must be satisfied before higher level safety needs, and then psychological needs, become active.

Hierarchy of needs

8

The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When it's level is low, we feel hunger.

Glucose

9

The point at which your "weight thermostat" may be set. When your body falls below this weight, increased hunger and a lower metabolic rate may combine to restore lost weight.

Set point

10

The body's resting rate of energy output

Basal metabolic rate

11

Deliberate social exclusion of individuals or groups

Ostracism

12

Excessive self-love and self-absorption

Narcissism

13

A response of the whole organism involving 1) bodily arousal, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience

Emotion

14

The theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to an emotion arousing stimulus

James-Lange theory

15

The theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers 1) physiological responses and 2) the subjective experience of emotion

Cannon-Bard theory

16

Schachter and Singer's theory that to experience emotion we must 1) be physically aroused and 2) cognitively label the arousal

Two-factor theory

17

A machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures some bodily responses (changes in perspiration, heart rate, and breathing) accompanying emotion

Polygraph

18

The tendency of facial muscle states to trigger corresponding feelings such as fear, anger, or happiness

Facial feedback effect