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Alimentation

The process of providing nutrition for the body

1

Metabolism

Using nutrients for cell processes, growth, generation of energy, and elimination of wastes

2

What 4 processes does the digestive system use

Ingestion, digestion, absorption, and elimination

3

Ingestion

The oral intake of substances into the body

4

Digestion

The mechanical and chemical conversion of food into substances that can eventually be absorbed by cells

5

Absorption

The process in which the digested
Food molecules pass through the lining of the small intestine into the blood or lymph capillaries

6

Elimination

The removal of undigested food particles

7

Defication

The elimination of wastes through the anus

8

3 main classes of nutrients

Carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids

9

Enzymes

Agents that chemically break down specific sugars into simpler substances

10

Lactose

Milk sugar

11

Enzyme that breaks down lactose

Lactase

12

- ose

Sugar

13

- ase

Enzyme

14

The eventual product of the digestion of sugars as well as starchs

Glucose

15

The enzyme that breaks down protein

Protease, proteinase

16

The enzyme that breaks down lipids

Lipase

17

-ation

Action or process

18

Bil/i, chol/e

Bile

19

Cirrh/o

Orange- yellow

20

De-

Down, from, reversing

21

Glycos/o

Sugar

22

-orexia

Appetite

23

-pepsia

Digestion

24

Vag/o

Vagus nerve

25

Viscer/o

Viscera

26

The digestive tract can be called

The alimentary tract

27

Gastrointestinal

Pertaining to the stomach and intestines

28

Cheil/o

Lips

29

Dent/i, dent/o, odont/o

Teeth

30

Gingiv/o

Gums

31

Or/o, stomat/o

Mouth

32

Esophag/o

Esophagus

33

Gastr/o

Stomach

34

Enter/o, intestin/o

Intestines

35

Duoden/o

Doudenum

36

Jejun/o

Jejunum

37

ile/o

ileum

38

Col/o

Colon

39

The inability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs

Aphasia

40

Chronic dilation of the bronchi with a secondary infection involving the lower lung

Bronchiectasis

41

Material raised from inflamed membranes of the respiratory tract

Sputum

42

The sudden blocking of an artery by a foreign material

Embolism

43

The throat is the

Pharynx

44

A percutaneous lung biopsy

Removal of small bits of tissue by puncture of the suspected lesion through the skin

45

Effusion of fluid into the air spaces of the lungs

Pulmonary edema

46

Pneumoconiosis

A respiratory condition caused by inhalation of dust particles

47

Append/o

Appendix

48

Cec/o

Cecum

49

Sigmoid/o

Sigmoid colon

50

Proct/o

Anus or rectum

51

Rect/o

Rectum

52

An/o

Anus

53

Bronchiole

Bronchiol/o

54

What machine is used for prolonged artificial respiration

Ventilator

55

Anoxia

Deficiency of oxygen

56

Tracheotomy refers to

Incision of the windpipe through the skin and muscles of the neck overlaying it

57

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

58

Sail/o

Salivary glands

59

Barium swallow

An xray of the esophagus taken while the patient swallows a liquid barium suspension

60

Biliary tract

The pathway for bile to flow from the liver to the bile duct and into the duodenum

61

Biliary calculus

Gallstone

62

Jaundice

RUQ pain, obstruction, and inflammation of the gallbladder

63

Diebetes Mellitus (DM)

The result of resistance to insulin or lack of insulin secretion by the pancreas

64

-phagia

Eating

65

-uria

Urination

66

-dipsia

Thirst

67

Hypoglycemia

Abnormally low sugar in the blood, caused by the pancreas producing too much insulin

68

Obesity

Abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells of the body. 20% above the normal weight

69

Emaciation

Excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition

70

Anorexia

Lack of appetite

71

Bulimia

Binge eating followed by induced vomiting

72

Malnutrition

Depletion of nutrients

73

Malabsorption

Improper absorption of nutrients into the bloodstream from the intestines

74

Canker sores

Ulcers, chiefly of the mouth and lips

75

Cheilitis

Inflammation of the lip

76

Glossitis

Inflammation of the tongue

77

Esophageal varices

A complex of enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus that are susceptible to hemorrage

78

Gastrocele

Herniation of the stomach

79

Hemorroids

Masses of veins in the anal canal that are unnaturally distended and lay outside the rectum

80

Cirrhosis

Chronic liver disease characterized by marked degeneration of liver cells

81

Anorexiant

An appetite-suppressing drug

82

Purgatives, cathartics

Strong medications used to promote full evacuation of the bowel, use in preparation for diagnostics procedures or surgeries.

83

Tongue

Gloss/o

84

Another term for the digestive tract

Alimentary tract

85

The pathway for bile flow from the liver to the bile duct and into the duodenum is called

Biliary tract

86

Drugs that produce vomiting

Emetics

87

This type of tube is used to feed patients when they cannot chew, ingest, or swallow food

Enteral

88

An excessive amount of acid in the stomach

Hyperacidity

89

Another name for a hiatal hernia

Gastrocele

90

Stoppage or delay in the passage of food through the intestine

Enterostasis

91

What class of nutrients is the basic source of energy for human cells

Carbohydrates

92

The contrast agent used to visualize the stomach and intestines

Barium

93

Examination of the abdominal cavity through incisions using a special endoscope is called

Laparoscopy

94

Use of high energy shock waves to to break up gallstones

Laser lithotripsy

95

Excision of small sacs in the intestinal tract, especially colon

Diverticulectomy

96

A lesion of the mucous membrane accompanied by the shedding of dead tissue

Ulcer

97

The irrigation or washing out of an organ

Lavage

98

Condition in which the skin, eyes, mucous membranes, and body fluids yellow

Jaundice

99

Branch of dentistry that specializes in the tissue that invests and supports the teeth

Periodontics