Ch 9 Terms Flashcards Preview

American Gov > Ch 9 Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 9 Terms Deck (22):
1

Groups named after section 501 of the internal revenue code that operate for promotion of social welfare; they are exempt from reporting donors if they spend most of their funds on issues, not candidates

501 [c] 4 social welfare organizations

2

Committees named after section 527 of the internal revenue code; they enjoy tax exempt status in election campaigns if they are unaffiliated with political parties and take positions on issues, not specific candidates

527 committees

3

A method used to select delegates to attend a party's national convention.

Caucus/convention

4

Primary elections in which voters must declare their party affiliation before they are given the primary ballot containing that party's potential nominees

Closed primaries

5

An organized effort to persuade voters to choose one candidate over others competing for the same office

Election campaign

6

A bipartisan federal agency of six members that oversees the financing of national election campaigns

Federal election commission (FEC)

7

A British term for elections conducted in single member districts that award victory to the candidates with the most votes

First past the post elections

8

States practice of moving delegates selection primaries and caucuses earlier in the calendar year to gain media and candidate attention

Front loading

9

A national election held by law in November of every eve numbered year

General election

10

Financial contributions given directly to a candidate running for congressional office or the presidency

Hard money

11

Primary elections that allow individual state parties decide whether they permit independents to vote in their primaries and for which office

Modified closed primaries

12

Primary elections that entitle independent voters to vote in a party's primary

Modified open primaries

13

An election that lacks an incumbent

Open election

14

Primary elections in which voters need not declare their party affiliation and can choose one party's primary ballot to take into the voting booth

Open primaries

15

A preliminary election conducted within a political party to select candidates who will run for public office in a subsequent election

Primary election

16

Financial contributions to party committees for capital and operational expenses

Soft money

17

In voting, candidates from different parties for different offices

Split ticket

18

In voting, a single party's candidates for all the offices

Straight ticket

19

Composed of electors pledged to one of the candidates

Electoral college

20

Current officeholder

Incumbent

21

Seeks to replace the incumbent

Challenger

22

Act that regulated money in elections

Bipartisan campaign finance reform act (BCRA)