Ch.1,2,3,10 Flashcards Preview

Physical health > Ch.1,2,3,10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.1,2,3,10 Deck (44):
1

Health

The Overall condition of body or mind and the presence or absence of illness.

2

Physical Wellness

Diet, exercise, avoiding injury

3

Emotional Wellness

Optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-confidence.

4

Intellectual Wellness

Openness to new ideas, critical thinking.

5

Spiritual Wellness

Beliefs, Meaning and purpose to life.

6

Environmental Wellness

Having clean resources or exposure to toxic substance.

7

Causes of Death (3)

-Heart Disease
-Cancer
-Stroke

8

Causes of Death age 15-24. (3)

-Car Accident
-Homicide
-Suicide

9

Most important factor in determining someone's level of health

Behavior

10

Definition: Morbidity

The Relative incidence of disease among a population.

11

Definition: mortality

The number of deaths in a population.

12

Definition: Stressors

Any physical or psychological event or condition that produces physical and psychological reactions.

13

Definition: Stress Response

The physical or emotional reactions to a stressor.

14

Definition: Nervous System

The Brain, Spinal Cords and nerves.

15

Definition: Autonomic Nervous system.

The part of the nervous system that controls the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic divisions.

16

Definition: Parasympathetic

Slows metabolism and restores energy supplies while not in danger.

17

Definition: Sympathetic

Reacts to danger or other challenges by accelerating body processes.

18

Definition: Endocrine system

Glands, tissues and other cells that secrete hormones into the bloodstream to influence metabolism.

19

Definition: Epinephrine

A hormone secreted by the Medulla .i.e. Adrenaline.

20

Definition: Endorphins

Brain secretions that have pain inhibiting effects.

21

Definition: Homeostasis

A state of stability and consistency in an individuals psychological functioning.

22

Definition: Fight or Flight

A defense reaction that prepares a person for conflict or escape by triggering hormonal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes.

23

Definition: General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)

A preterm of stress responses consisting of 3 stages; Alarm, resistance and exhaustion.

24

Definition: Eustress

A pleasant stress

25

Definition: Distress

An unpleasant stress.

26

Example of a Type A personality

Competitive, Controlling and schedule driven.

27

Example of a Type B personality

Relaxed and contemplated.

28

Example of a Type C Personality.

Difficulty expressing emotions, Hopeless and despair.

29

Example of a Type D personality.

Anxiety, depression and irritability.

30

Worse for the heart?

Anger

31

Reaction to danger (Fight/Flight) stages of the Endocrine system.

1.Hypothalamus
2.Pituitary
3.ACTH
4.Adrenal Gland
5.Epinephrine

32

Definition: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) , Characteristics of..

-Constant Worry
-Future Threats
-Persistent Worry

33

Characteristics of a mood disorder

-Loss of Pleasure
-Hopelessness
-Poor sleep

34

Definition: Physical Fitness

The body's ability to respond to the demands of physical stress.

35

The 5 components to Physical Fitness

-Body Composition
-Cardio
-Flexibility
-Endurance
-Muscular Strength

36

Definition: Cardio

Prolonged, large muscle exercise @ high intensity (Heart/Lung)

37

Definition: Muscular Strength

The amount of force in a single max effort.

38

Definition: Muscular Endurance

Ability to hold a muscle contraction or contract a muscle repeatedly.

39

Definition: Flexibility

The joints ability to move through their full range of motion.

40

Definition: Body Composition

The proportion of fat and fat free mass on the body. (Muscle, Bone and water.)

41

The target heart rate zone algorithm

220-age X 0.60

42

Definition: Specificity

The training principle that the body adapts to the particular type of exercise and amount of stress.

43

Exercise benefits? (4)

-Increase of energy
-Greater Muscle Mass
-Increased mood
-Lowers disease risk

44

What does R.I.C.E. stand for?

Rest
Ice
Compression
Elevate