Flashcards in Ch.1,2,3,10 Deck (44):
The Overall condition of body or mind and the presence or absence of illness.
Diet, exercise, avoiding injury
Optimism, trust, self-esteem, self-confidence.
Openness to new ideas, critical thinking.
Beliefs, Meaning and purpose to life.
Having clean resources or exposure to toxic substance.
Causes of Death (3)
Causes of Death age 15-24. (3)
Most important factor in determining someone's level of health
The Relative incidence of disease among a population.
The number of deaths in a population.
Any physical or psychological event or condition that produces physical and psychological reactions.
Definition: Stress Response
The physical or emotional reactions to a stressor.
Definition: Nervous System
The Brain, Spinal Cords and nerves.
Definition: Autonomic Nervous system.
The part of the nervous system that controls the Sympathetic and Parasympathetic divisions.
Slows metabolism and restores energy supplies while not in danger.
Reacts to danger or other challenges by accelerating body processes.
Definition: Endocrine system
Glands, tissues and other cells that secrete hormones into the bloodstream to influence metabolism.
A hormone secreted by the Medulla .i.e. Adrenaline.
Brain secretions that have pain inhibiting effects.
A state of stability and consistency in an individuals psychological functioning.
Definition: Fight or Flight
A defense reaction that prepares a person for conflict or escape by triggering hormonal, cardiovascular, metabolic, and other changes.
Definition: General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
A preterm of stress responses consisting of 3 stages; Alarm, resistance and exhaustion.
A pleasant stress
An unpleasant stress.
Example of a Type A personality
Competitive, Controlling and schedule driven.
Example of a Type B personality
Relaxed and contemplated.
Example of a Type C Personality.
Difficulty expressing emotions, Hopeless and despair.
Example of a Type D personality.
Anxiety, depression and irritability.
Worse for the heart?
Reaction to danger (Fight/Flight) stages of the Endocrine system.
Definition: Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) , Characteristics of..
Characteristics of a mood disorder
-Loss of Pleasure
Definition: Physical Fitness
The body's ability to respond to the demands of physical stress.
The 5 components to Physical Fitness
Prolonged, large muscle exercise @ high intensity (Heart/Lung)
Definition: Muscular Strength
The amount of force in a single max effort.
Definition: Muscular Endurance
Ability to hold a muscle contraction or contract a muscle repeatedly.
The joints ability to move through their full range of motion.
Definition: Body Composition
The proportion of fat and fat free mass on the body. (Muscle, Bone and water.)
The target heart rate zone algorithm
220-age X 0.60
The training principle that the body adapts to the particular type of exercise and amount of stress.
Exercise benefits? (4)
-Increase of energy
-Greater Muscle Mass
-Lowers disease risk