Ch.1 Anthopology & Human Diversity Flashcards Preview

Cultural Anthropology > Ch.1 Anthopology & Human Diversity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.1 Anthopology & Human Diversity Deck (14)
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1

What is cultural anthropology?

The study of human societies and cultures

2

(W)holistic?

Considers culture, history, language, and biology to understand human society.

3

The 4 major sub-disciplines

•Cultural anthropology
•Biological anthropology
•Archaeology
•Linguistic anthropology

4

Biological anthropology?

The study of humankind from a biological perspective

5

Archaeology?

Focuses on the reconstruction of past cultures based on their material remains

6

Linguistic anthropology?

Focuses on the understanding of language and its relation to culture

7

Historical linguistics?

The study of relationships among languages to better understand the history of those who speak them

8

Ethnography?

The description of a society or culture

9

Applied anthropology?

The application of anthropology to the solution of human problems

10

Emic?

A study that attempts to capture what ideas and practices mean to members of a culture

11

Etic?

A study that describes and analyzes culture according to principles and theories drawn from western scientific traditions

12

Ethnocentrism?

Judging other cultures from the perspective of another's own culture- one's own culture is superior to any other

13

Cultural relativism?

People's values/customs must be understood in terms of the culture they are part of- looking at the culture as a whole

14

Participant observation?

The fieldwork technique that involves gathering cultural data by observing people's behaviors and participating in their lives