CH11, 12 & 13 Flashcards Preview

MP 111 > CH11, 12 & 13 > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH11, 12 & 13 Deck (106):
1

atrophy

A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body, as from death and reabsorption of cells, diminished cellular proliferation, decreased cellular volume, pressure, ischemia, malnutrition, lessened function, or hormonal changes.

2

neo-

new

3

cyst/o-

urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid

4

-cyesis

pregnancy

5

pelvic inflammatory disease

acute or chronic suppurative inflammation of female pelvic structures (endometrium, uterine tubes, pelvic peritoneum) due to infection by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, or other organisms, typically a complication of sexually transmitted infection of the lower genital tract, may be precipitated by menstruation, parturition, or surgical procedures including abortion; complications include tuboovarian abscess, tubal stenosis with resulting infertility or sterility and heightened risk of ectopic pregnancy, and peritoneal adhesions.

6

noct/o-

night

7

antispasmodics

Antispasmodic drugs relieve cramps or spasms of the stomach, intestines, and bladder.

8

crypt/o-

hidden

9

glomerulonephritis

Renal disease characterized by diffuse inflammatory changes in glomeruli that are not the acute response to infection of the kidneys.

10

gynec/o

women

11

KUB

Kidney-Ureter-Bladder

12

-uria

urination; condition of urine

13

para

hmmmmm

14

oxy/o-

swift; sharpp; acid

15

extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy

breaking up of renal or ureteral calculi by focused sound energy.

16

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

17

renal scan

nuclear medicine exam in which a small amount of radioactive material (radioisotope) is used to measure the function of the kidneys.

18

para-

near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of

19

stent placement

Angioplasty is a procedure to open narrowed or blocked blood vessels that supply blood to your legs. Fatty deposits can build up inside the arteries and block blood flow. A stent is a small, metal mesh tube that keeps the artery open. Angioplasty and stent placement are two ways to open blocked peripheral arteries.

20

orch/o-, orchi/o-

testis

21

cryosurgery

An operation using freezing temperature (achieved by liquid nitrogen or carbon dioxide) as an independent agent or in an instrument to destroy tissue.

22

galact/o-, lact/o-

milk

23

colp/o-, vagin/o-

vagina

24

nulli-

none

25

prostat/o-

prostate gland

26

renal calculi

kidney stone

27

eclampsia

Occurrence of one or more convulsions, not attributable to other cerebral conditions such as epilepsy or cerebral hemorrhage, in a patient with preeclampsia.

28

-arche

beginning

29

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

nitrogen, in the form of urea, in the blood; the most prevalent of nonprotein nitrogenous compounds in blood; blood normally contains 10–15 mg of urea/100 mL. Measurements in the laboratory are commonly used as a measure of renal function.

30

-multi-

many

31

incontinence

Inability to prevent the discharge of any of the excretions, especially of urine or feces.

32

intravenous pyelogram

____________A radiograph or series of radiographs of the renal pelvis and ureter, following injection of contrast medium.

33

BUN

blood urea nitrogen (BUN)

34

ur/o-

urine; urinary tract

35

oophor/o-, ovari/o-

ovary

36

dilation & curettage (D&C)

Remove tissue in the uterus during or after a miscarriage or abortion or to remove small pieces of placenta after childbirth. This helps prevent infection or heavy bleeding.

37

placenta previa

the condition in which the placenta is implanted in the lower segment of the uterus, extending to the margin of the internal os of the uterus or partially or completely obstructing the os.

38

end-stage renal disease

Kidneys no longer able to work at level needed for day-today life. Diabetes and high blood pressure most common cuase. After chronic kidney disease.

39

hydrocele

A collection of serous fluid in a sacculated cavity; specifically, such a collection in the space of the tunica vaginalis testis, or in a separate pocket along the spermatic cord

40

dyspareunia

Occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse.

41

orchid/o-, test/o-

testis

42

mamm/o-, mast/o-

breast

43

salping/o-

fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube

44

TURP

Transurethral Resection of Prostate

45

UA

urinalysis

46

-pasm

find it

47

GYN

Gynecologic, Gynecology, Gynecologist

48

pseud/o-

false

49

urinalysis

Analysis of the urine.

50

glomerul/o-

glomerulus

51

amni/o-

amnion (sac surrounding the embryo)

52

supra-

above; upper

53

ureter/o-

ureter

54

NB

newborn

55

polycystic kidney

a progressive disease characterized by formation of multiple cysts of varying size scattered diffusely throughout both kidneys, resulting in compression and destruction of renal parenchyma, usually with hypertension, gross hematuria, and uremia leading to progressive renal failure. There are two major types: with onset in infancy or early childhood, usually of autosomal recessive inheritance with onset in adulthood, of autosomal dominant inheritance with genetic heterogeneity

56

-dipsia

thirst?

57

hyster/o-, metr/o-, uter/o-, metri/o

uterus; womb

58

vas/o-

vessel; duct; vas deferens

59

varicocele

A condition manifested by abnormal dilation of the veins of the spermatic cord, caused by incompetent valves in the internal spermatic vein and resulting in impaired drainage of blood into the spermatic cord veins when the person assumes an upright position.

60

cry/o-

cold

61

perine/o-

perineum

62

episi/o-, vulv/o-

vulva

63

prostate-specific antigen

a protein produced by cells of the prostate gland

64

hemodialysis

Dialysis of soluble substances and water from the blood by diffusion through a semipermeable membrane; separation of cellular elements and colloids from soluble substances is achieved by pore size in the membrane and rates of diffusion.

65

BPH

benign prostatic hyperplasia

66

pre-eclampsia

Development of hypertension with proteinuria or edema, or both, due to pregnancy or the influence of a recent pregnancy; it usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.

67

-para

to bear, bring forth (live births)

68

Pap

Papilla

69

andr/o-

male

70

gynecomastia

Excessive development of the male mammary glands, due mainly to ductal proliferation with periductal edema; frequently secondary to increased estrogen levels, but mild gynecomastia may occur in normal adolescence.

71

sperm/o-

spermatozoa; sperm cells

72

catheterization

Passage of a catheter.

73

OB

Obstetrics, Obstetrician

74

gravida

A pregnant woman

75

men/o-

menses; menstruation

76

para

defense, protection against; that which protects from," from Italian para, imperative of parare "to ward off," from Latin parare "make ready"

77

diuretics

For high blood pressure, diuretics, commonly known as "water pills," help your body get rid of unneeded water and salt through the urine

78

retroversion

A turning backward, as of the uterus.

79

ren/o-

kidney

80

anteversion

Turning forward, inclining forward as a whole without bending; most commonly used to describe the normal position of the uterus in which it is angled anteriorly relative to the long axis of the vagina, so that it rests on the bladder.

81

chordee

Bending or curvature of erect penis; either congenital, as associated with hypospadias, or acquired, as in Peyronie disease.

82

benign prostatic hyperplasia

progressive enlargement of the prostate due to hyperplasia of both glandular and stromal components, typically beginning in the fifth decade and sometimes causing obstructive or irritative symptoms, or both; does not evolve into cancer.

83

voiding cystourethrogram

an x-ray image made during voiding and with the bladder and urethra filled with contrast medium

84

Pharmacology

The science concerned with drugs, their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses.

85

IVP

In Vitro Production

86

olig-

scanty

87

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle

88

D&C

dilation & curettage

89

dips/o-

thirst

90

pyel/o-

renal pelvis

91

cervic/o

neck; cervix (neck of uterus)

92

-tocia

labor; birth (condition of)

93

primi-

first

94

ectopic pregnancy

the implantation and development of a blastocyst outside the cavity of the uterus.

95

STD

Sexually Transmitted Disease

96

-gravida

pregnant woman

97

spermat/o-

spermatozoa; sperm cells

98

urgency

A strong desire to void.

99

UTI

Urinary Tract Infection

100

peritoneal dialysis

removal from the body of soluble substances and water by transfer across the peritoneum, using a dialysis solution that is intermittently introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity; transfer of diffusable solutes and water between the blood and the peritoneal cavity depends on the concentration gradient between the two fluid compartments.

101

nephr/o-

kidney

102

LMP

Last Menstrual Period

103

GU

Gastric Ulcer

104

urin/o-

urine

105

Papanicolaou test

cervical smear, or smear test) is a method of cervical screening used to detect potentially pre-cancerous and cancerous processes in the cervix (opening of the uterus or womb).

106

micturition

1. The desire to urinate.2. Frequency of urination.