Ch16 - People Flashcards Preview

World History - 10th > Ch16 - People > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch16 - People Deck (41):
1

Who was the Polish astronomer who proposed the heliocentric view of the universe, which suggested that the planets revolved around the sun?

Nicolaus Copernicus

2

Who was the German Lutheran astronomer who discovered the three laws of planetary motion?

Johannes Kepler

3

Who was the Italian philosopher and scientist who discovered the law of uniform acceleration and the laws of pendulum?

Galileo Galilei

4

Who was the English philosopher who discovered the universal law of gravitation and explained the three laws of motion?

Isaac Newton

5

Who is remembered as the "Father of Modern Science"?

Isaac Newton

6

Who was the "Father of Anatomy"?

Andreas Vesalius

7

Who published the first complete description of the human body in the 1540s?

Andreas Vesalius

8

Who published De Magneta, the first great English science book?

William Gilbert

9

What Scottish mathematician and Bible scholar who invented logarithms and decimal notation?

John Napier

10

What English philosopher formulated the modern scientific method?

Francis Bacon

11

Which English physician discovered the circulation of blood in the human body?

William Harvey

12

Which French mathematician invented an accurate scale for measuring lines and angles?

Pierre Vernier

13

Who was known as "Father of Modern Philosophy"?

Rene Descartes

14

Who developed analytical geometry?

Rene Descartes

15

Which French mathematician and philosopher invented a calculating device that was the predecessor to the modern calculator?

Blaise Pascal

16

Who invented the barometer and helped develop the science of hydrostatics?

Blaise Pascal

17

What English scientist and Christian formulated several laws of gases?

Robert Boyle

18

Who was called the "Father of Modern Chemistry"?

Robert Boyle

19

What English astronomer, mathematician, and experimental philosopher became the first to observe microscopic cells?

Robert Hooke

20

Which Dutch naturalist is known as the "Father of Microbiology"?

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

21

Who designed and built simple microscopes and observed protozoa and anatomical functions?

Anton van Leeuwenhoek

22

Who was one of the greatest astronomers of his day and correctly predicted the appearance of the comet which bears his name?

Edmund Halley

23

What Puritan clergyman and naturalist pioneered the science of taxonomy and originated the idea of species?

John Ray

24

Which botanist of the 1700s expanded Ray's work and established the modern system of biological classification?

Carolus Linnaeus

25

Who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the temperature scale that bears his name?

Gabriel Fahrenheit

26

Who led in the formation of the Philosophical College?

John Wilkins

27

What met regularly in London to conduct experiments and discuss scientific theories?

The Philosophical College

28

What group of French Catholics believed in salvation by God's grace and followed several Calvinist teachings?

Jansenists

29

Who was the first musician of modern times and was remembered for his beautiful melodies and expressive harmonies?

Josquin des Pres

30

Who was the most important composer before Bach and wrote a collection of madrigals?

Heinrich Schutz

31

Who was one of history's greatest composers who wrote The Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, The Well Tempered Clavier, and the Brandenburg Concertos?

Johann Sebastsian Bach

32

Who perfected the oratorio and wrote the "Hallelujah Chorus" in The Messiah.

George Frederic Handel

33

What is the best-known choral piece in the world

"The Hallelujah Chorus"

34

Who is the "Father of the English Hymn"?

Isaac Watts

35

Who wrote more than 600 hymns including "When I Survey the Wondrous Cross," "Joy to the World," "O God Our Help in Ages Past."

Isaac Watts

36

Who wrote about 100 symphonies including the Surprise Symphony, The Creation, and The Seasons?

Franz Joseph Haydn

37

What child prodigy composed over 600 works including The Magic Flute, Don Giovanni, The Marriage of Figaro?

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

38

What deaf composer wrote concertos, sonatas and symphonies such as Moonlight Sonota, the Fifth Symphony, and the Ninth Symphony?

Ludwig van Beethoven

39

What 16th-century artist began art in the Modern Age and developed the art of woodcutting.

Albrecht Durer

40

Who was one of the greatest portrait painters of all times?

Hans Holbein the Younger

41

Who was one of the greatest of the Dutch masters and one of the greatest painters of all times?

Rembrandt van Rijn