Ch.17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.17 Deck (39):
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Aristotle

classified organisms as animal or plant then by air, land, or water dwellers. plants divided by three groups by stems

1

evidence for classification

fossil record
morphology
embryology
DNA

2

phylogeny

evolution of organisms used for classification, organized by evolution

3

levels of organization

domain
kingdom
phylum/division
class
order
family
genus
species

4

binomial nomenclature

"two names"
uses the genus name and the species name

5

6 kingdoms

eubacteria
archaebacteria
protista
fungi
plantae
animalia

6

eubacteria

Pro., uni., auto(photo or chemo), or hetero, cell wall contains peptidoglycans

7

archaebateria

Pro., uni., auto.(chemo) or hetero., live in harsh environments, no peptidoglycans

8

protista

Euk., uni. or multi., auto. or hetero.

9

fungi

Euk., uni. or multi., hetero.

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animalia

Euk., multi., hetero.

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sessile

attached by the base, or without any distinct projecting support, as a leaf issuing directly from the stem.

12

chordata

phylum which organisms have spinal chord

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systematics

classifying organisms in terms of their natural relationships

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marsupial

order which most have young in pounch

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echinoderm

organisms w/o spines, parts and body stiffened by calcareous pieces that may protrude as spines

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endotherm

warm-blooded animal

17

linnaeus

classified by form and structure, developed binomial nomenclature, latinized names

18

Ginkgo

Plantae
Fan shaped leaves
Deciduous
Very tolerant of bad air

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Sponge

Invertebrate

20

3 domains

bateria
archaea
eukarya

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Mushroom

Fungi
Basidiocarpes
Gills under cap

22

Bread mold

Fungi
Zygomycete

23

Amoeba

Protists
Move by extending pseudopodia

24

E. Coli

Bacteria
...

25

Algae

Protists
Autotrophic
Have chloroplasts and photosynthesize

26

Yeast

Fungi

27

Moss

Plantae
Have rhizoids
Nonvascular
Pioneer plants

27

Seaweed/kelp

Same as algae
Brown algae
Common along rocky cool coasts

29

Lichen

Fungi
Symbiotic relationship between fungus and photosynthetic partner

30

plantae

Euk., multi., auto. (rarely hetero)

31

Jellyfish

Invertebrate

32

Tapeworm

Invertebrate
Live in intestines
Surrounded by tegument

33

Pine

Plantae
Vascular
Needle like leaves
Make and female cones

34

Lamprey

Jawless
Cartilaginous
Disk shaped mouth

35

Cray fish

Freshwater crustacean
Boys in two parts
Well studied

36

Methanogens

Make methane gas

37

Barnacle

Marine crustacean
Attach to hard surfaces
Calcium carbonate shell

38

Diatoms

Protists
Unicellular
Cell walls fit like box