bad: painful: difficult: abnormal
abnormal increase in volume of a tissue or organ caused by the formation and growth of new normal cells.
Multiple myeloma is a cancer in which antibody-producing plasma cells grow in an uncontrolled and invasive (malignant) manner.
up; apart; backward; again; anew
1. giving relief but not curing. 2. a drug with this effect.
x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
loss of differentiation of cells and their orientation to each other, a characteristic of tumor cells;
carcinoma derived from glandular tissue or in which the tumor cells form recognizable glandular structures.
Enclosed in a capsule or sheath.
a malignant new growth made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate surrounding tissues and to give rise to metastases.
scientific determination of amount, rate, and distribution of radiation emitted from a source of ionizing radiation.
flesh (connective tissue)
jargon for plain film.
tumor; mass; fluid collection
a radiograph exposed before contrast medium is given, such as the preliminary film for an angiogram, urogram, or barium contrast gastrointestinal examination.
in its normal place; confined to the site of origin.
a rare lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system.
a benign tumor derived from epithelium. Papillomas may arise from skin, mucous membranes, or glandular ducts.
the change in the type of adult cells in a tissue to a form abnormal for that tissue.
the cessation of all physical and chemical processes that invariably occurs in all living organisms.
the formation of a neoplasm.
any neoplastic disorder of lymphoid tissue, NOT including hodgkin's disease.
any neoplastic disorder of lymphoid tissue, including hodgkin's disease.
peau d' orange
A swollen pitted skin surface overlying carcinoma of the breast in which there is both stromal infiltration and lymphatic obstruction with edema.
A tumor, often highly malignant, composed of cells derived from connective tissue such as bone, cartilage, muscle, blood vessel, or lymphoid tissue; sarcomas usually develop rapidly and metastasize through the lymph channels.
diminution or abatement of the symptoms of a disease; the period during which such diminution occurs.
an abnormality of development; in pathology, alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells.
a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition.
the branch of medical science dealing with use of x-rays, radioactive substances, and other forms of radiant energy in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
surgery of or relating to an excision
out; away from
spinal cord; bone marrow
a localized tumor that has a fibrous capsule, limited potential for growth, a regular shape, and cells that are well differentiated.
a pack of radiographic film or films worn as a badge, used for the detection and approximate measurement of radiation exposure of personnel.
a. A cut into a body tissue or organ, especially one made during surgery. b. The scar resulting from such a cut.
a highly malignant tumor arising in striated muscle or in embryonal mesenchymal cells that exhibit differentiation along rhabdomyoblastic lines, including but not limited to the presence of cells with recognizable cross striations.
a tumor that tends to grow, invade, and metastasize. The tumor usually has an irregular shape and is composed of poorly differentiated cells. If untreated, it may result in death.
smooth (visceral) muscle
1. the transfer of disease from one organ or part to another not directly connected with it. It may be due either to the transfer of pathogenic microorganisms (e.g., tubercle bacilli) or to the transfer of cells, as in malignant tumors. See also cancer. 2. a growth of pathogenic microorganisms or of abnormal cells distant from the site primarily involved by the morbid process. adj., adj metastat´ic.
serum tumor markers
a progressive, malignant neoplasm of the blood-forming organs, marked by diffuse replacement of the bone marrow development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow.
a radiograph made without use of a contrast medium.