Ch.3 Learning Flashcards Preview

Psychology year 12 > Ch.3 Learning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.3 Learning Deck (11):
1

Classical conditioning

Is learning in which a stimulus that does not elicit a response, is repeatedly linked with a stimulus that does automatically get a response.

2

Operant conditioning

Is a learning process in which the likelihood of a behaviour being repeated is determined by the consequences of that behaviour.

3

Extinction

Is the decrease in strength and frequency of a conditioned response when the unconditioned stimulus is no longer available.

4

Spontaneous recovery

Is the reappearance of a conditioned response to the conditioned stimulus after a period of extinction.

5

Stimulus discrimination

Is the ability to discriminate between stimuli so that only a specific stimulus produces the conditioned response.

6

Stimulus generalisation

Is when stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus produce the conditioned response.

7

Acquisition

Is the gaining of knowledge or a skill

8

What are the 5 stages of observational learning?

Attention
Retention
Reproduction
Motivation
Reinforcement

9

Observational learning

Is learning through a model doing a behaviour or action and then the learner reproduces that behaviour from observing it.

10

Long-term potentiation and long-term depression

LTP is the increase in the efficiency of synaptic transmission between neurons. LTD is the reduced efficiency of synaptic transmission.

11

Learning

Is when an individual is able to produce a behaviour due to experience.