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Flashcards in Ch.4 Deck (22):
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Legislature

A group of people who have the power to make laws

1

Bill of rights

A written list of freedoms that a government promises to protect

2

Habeas corpus

The principle that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime.

3

Freedom of the press

The right of journalists to publish the truth without restriction or penalty

4

Libe

The publishing of statements that damage a persons reputation

5

Extended family

A family that includes in addition to the parents and their children other members such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins

6

Apprentice

Someone who learns a trade by working for someone in that trade for a certain period of time

7

Gentry

The upper class of the colonial society

8

Middle class

Made up of small planters, independent farmers, and artisans

9

Indentured servant

Somebody who signed a contract to work from 4 to 10 years for anyone who would pay for his or her ocean passage to the Americas

10

Triangular trade

A threeway trade between the colonies, the islands of the carribean, and Africa.

11

Racism

The belief that one race is superior on inferior to another

12

Slave codes

Strict laws that restricted the rights and activities of slaves.

13

Public school

A school supported by taxes

14

Dame school

Schools that women opened in their homes to teach girls and boys to read and write

15

Anne bradstreet

The first colonial poet

16

Phillis Wheatley

An enslaved African poet in Boston who first poem was published when she was 14

17

Benjamin Franklin

One of the best loved colonial writers. Started the Pennsylvania gazette

18

Jonathan Edwards

A Massachusetts preacher who lead the great awakening by calling on people to examine their lives and commit themselves to god

19

Natural rights

Rights that belong to every human being from birth

20

Divine rights

The belief that monarchs get their authority to rule directly from god

21

Separation of powers

The division of the power of government into separate branches