Ch.6 - Blood Flashcards Preview

Biology 16 > Ch.6 - Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.6 - Blood Deck (13):
0

Plasma

Liquid portion of blood
- contains nutrients, wastes, salts, and proteins

1

Platelets

Component of blood necessary to blood clotting

2

Red blood cell (rbc)

Formed element that contains hemoglobin and carries oxygen from
The lungs to the tissues; also called erythrocytes.

3

Lymphocytes

Specialized white blood cell that functions in specific defense; t-cells and b-cells

4

Hemoglobin

Iron-containing pigment in red blood cells that combines with and transports oxygen

5

Anemia

Inefficiency in the oxygen carrying ability of blood due to a shortage of hemoglobin

6

ABO blood type

Blood type is based on the presence or absence of two possible antigens, called type a and antigen type b

7

Rh blood type

Rh- individual do not have antibodies to the Rh factor

8

Hemolytic disease of the newborn

Due to a pregnancy in which the child is Rh+, an Rh- mother can begin to produce antibodies against Rh+ red bliss cells. Antibodies can cross the placenta and cause hemolysis of an Rh+ child's red blood cell

9

Prothrombin

Plasma protein converted to thrombin during the steps of blood clotting

10

Thrombin

Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin threads during blood clotting

11

Fibrinogen

Plasma protein that is converted into fibrin threads during blood clotting

12

Fibrin

Insoluble protein threads during blood clotting