CH8&9 Flashcards Preview

MP 111 > CH8&9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in CH8&9 Deck (76):
1

kinesi/o

movement

2

oste/o

bone

3

scoliosis

curved crooked back

4

phalang/o

phalanx (fingers or toe)

5

muscul/o

muscle

6

-physis

state of growing

7

acr/o

extremity, highest point

8

pseud/o

false

9

-tome

instrument used to cut, area with distinct edges

10

radi/o

radius, (forearm bone)

11

carp/o

wrist

12

ped/i

child

13

pod/o

foot

14

subluxation

dislocation, full or partial

15

cost/o

rib

16

condyl/o

knuckle, knob

17

spasm

sudden, sever involuntary contraction of muscle

18

kyphosis

hump back, hunch back, excessive, abnormal poster curvature

19

fibr/o

fiber

20

rachi/o

spinal column; vertebrae

21

spin/o

spine, backbone

22

crani/o

cranium

23

dislocation

displacement of end of bone from it's normal position

24

fasci/o, fasc/i

face

25

tax/o

coordination

26

sprain

overstretching or tear of ligament around a joint

27

ADL

activities of daily living

28

rheumat/o

watery flow

29

brachia/o

arm

30

Lyme disease

arthritis caused by bacteria of deer tick bites

31

vertebr/o

vertebra

32

rhabd/o

rod shaped

33

open or compound fracture

bone breaks through overlying skin

34

synov/o

membrane

35

plantar fascitis

tendon on bottom of foot is inflamed

36

necr/o

dead cells

37

myel/o

bone marrow, spinal cord, myelin

38

rheumatoid factor

blood test, positive usually - rheumatoid arthritis ANTI-CCP

39

spindyl/o

vertebra

40

lordosis

sway back condition

41

gangli-, gangli/o

ganglion, collection of nerve cell bodies

42

syn-

together

43

thorac/o

thorax

44

myasthenia gravis

autoimmune disorder abnormal or rapid fatigue of muscles particularly in face

45

contracture

fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, facial muscle, or joint

46

EMG

electromyography

47

my/o

muscle

48

myelography

spinal cord picture

49

plant/o

sole of the foot

50

ankylosis

fused together

51

goniometer

instrument to measure angle

52

burs/o

bursa - a thin sac of synovial membrane filled with synovial fluid to cushion and reduce friction where a tenon runs against a bone

53

-desis

procedure to fuse to together

54

gout

metabolic disorder, high level of uric acid creating crystal in soft tissures

55

carpal tunnel syndrome

is a hand and arm condition that causes numbness, tingling and other symptoms

56

-porosis

formation of the callus in repair of a fractured bone

57

uric act test

test for gout-The uric acid blood test is used to detect high levels of this compound in the blood in order to help diagnose gout. The test is also used to monitor uric acid levels in people undergoing chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer.

58

closed fracture

bone does not break through overlying skin

59

dactyl/o

fingers; toes

60

avulsion

a tearing away forcibly of a part or structure

61

-trophy

process of development

62

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon

63

bone scan density

measures bone mineral density BMD

64

goniometry

process of measuring angle

65

cervic/o

neck, cervix

66

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate, sed rate

67

strain

overstretching or tear of ligament around a joint

68

electromyography

the recording of the electrical activity of muscle tissue, or its representation as a visual display or audible signal, using electrodes attached to the skin or inserted into the muscle.

69

ROM

range of motion

70

dia-

complete, completing through

71

ankyl/o

fused together, stiff

72

chondr/o

cartilage

73

lei/o

smooth

74

laimin/o

lamina-a thin, flat plate or stratum of a composite structure; called also layer

75

goni/o

angle

76

RICE

rest, ice, compression, elevation