Ch.9,11,12 Flashcards Preview

Physical health > Ch.9,11,12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.9,11,12 Deck (113):
1

What is the Generic Dietary Guideline for Americans?

Incorporate more fruit/Veg

2

What are Carbohydrates ?

A major source of fuel .

3

Calorie = ?

Kelo-Calorie

4

What is a Kelo-Calorie?

The amount of heat to raise 1000 (1K)

5

What is a simple sugar?

Mono/Dicaccacrites

6

What are Complex Carbs ?

-Grains
-Cereal
-Legumes/ 3-bean salad

7

What are fibers?

Non digestive carbs that is in plant foods.

8

How much RDA do Men have?

38 RDA

9

How much RDA do Wemen have ?

25 RDA

10

What is the average RDA that people have?

10-15 RDA

11

Def.: Soluble

Does not bind to water.

12

Def.: Insoluble

Binds w/ water

13

5 grams = ?

1 teaspoon (tsp)

14

Lipids = ?

Fats

15

What is the function of Fats?

They are a major source of fuel during activity/ rest.

16

Triglycerides that are solid @ room temperature ?

Saturated / Animal Triglycerides

17

Plant based Triglycerides are..?

Unsaturated

18

Examples of foods that are Mono-saturated ?

Olives, peanuts, Safflower

19

Examples of foods that are Poly-saturated ?

Soy bean, corn, Cottonseed

20

Semi-Vegetarians eat...?

Milk, cheese, fish, poultry

21

Amino acids are the protein "building blocks" of what nutrient?

Protein

22

How many of the complete 9 essential amino acids do animal sources have?

Complete / All 9

23

How many of the complete 9 essential amino acids do plant sources have?

Incomplete ( 8 amino )

24

What does the root word "PHYTO" mean?

Plant

25

What is the health benefit to Phytochemical's ?

Helps to fight chronic diseases.

26

Do vitamins help to provide energy?

No

27

What is the function to vitamins?

Boost Immunity

28

What does the root word "MACRO" mean ?

Major

29

What does the root word "TRACE" mean ?

Minor

30

What is the minimum mg that a person can have of Macro Minerals ?

100mg / day

31

What is an example of Macro Minerals ?

Calcium, magnesium, potassium.

32

What are examples of Trace Minerals?

Fluoride, copper, zinc

33

What % water is the human body?

50-60%

34

What book linked to this lecture is by Richard Carson ?

"Silent Spring"

35

Does "spot Reduce" work?

No

36

What consists of a high protein diet?

High fat and low carb

37

What consists of a high carb diet ?

Low protein and low fat

38

What consists of a low fat diet?

Less than 20% fat

39

What are some fad diet factors?

-quick weight loss
-limit food selection
-recommend supplements
-criticize scientific community
-no permanent change

40

What is the best formal weight loss program?

Weight watchers (WW)

41

1 lb of fat = ?

3500 calories.

42

A good Negative Calorie Balance plan is...?

Exercise and eat 500 calls fewer a day

43

How many pounds should a person lose a week for it to be healthy?

1-2 lbs / week.

44

What are characteristics of the Ephedra Drug to lose weight ?

-panic attack
-Nausea
-seizures

45

Where is the fat stored that is the greatest risk for chronic disease?

Belly / abdomen

46

Essential fat Ella to do what?

-Protect the vital organs
-Regulate body temp

47

What does a GastroPlasty help to do? (Stomach stapling)

Reduces stomach size.

48

What is the criteria for a gastroplasty?

-BMI greater then 40
-obese for over 5 years
-No history of psychiatric disorder

49

Is hydrostatic weighing reliable?

Yes.

50

What is Pica?

The eating disorder where a person has the urge to eat strange objects.

51

Hat is Anorexia Nervosa ?

The eating disorder where a person believes they are over weight even though they are extremely underweight.

52

What is Bolemia?

The eating disorder where a person is above normal body weight and binge eats to purge later

53

What is the #1 cause of death in the US?

Heart Attack.

54

In 1918, what was the #1 killer ?

Spanish Flu

55

What book connects w/ this section by John M. Barry ?

"The great Influenza."

56

What is Atherosclerosis ?

Thickening/ hardening of the arteries due to plaque.

57

What is Hypertension ?

(High Blood Pressure) injury to artery wall.

58

What is Myocardial Infection?

(Heart Attack)

59

What are characteristics of a Myocardial Infarction ? (Heart attack)

-blocked blood supply
-death within 2 hrs
-call 911

60

What are the drugs used when a heart attack sets in ?

Aspirin,
Heparin,
NitroGlycerin,
Morphine,
Lopressor (Beta Blocker)

61

What does TPA stand for?

Tissue Plasminogen Activator

62

What is Angina Pectoris ?

(Chest pain) need for oxygen to the heart

63

What are treatments for Angina Pectoris ?

NitroGlycerin
BetaBlockers
Calcium (?)

64

What are Arrhythmias ?

( irregular Heart Beat)
Sudden cardiac Death
100+ BPM
Tachycardia

65

What is BrodyCardia ?

When BPM falls less than 60

66

What is Congestive Heart Failure ?

Weak heart muscles

67

What is Congenital heart disease?

Holes in the walls of the heart that separate atrium / ventricle

68

Who does Congenital heart disease effect ?

Young children (defect @ birth)

69

What is another name for Stroke ?

Cebrovascular Accident

70

What is a Thrombus ?

Blood clot

71

What is a Embolus ?

Wandering blood clot

72

What is an Aneurism ?

Weakened blood vessel

73

What is a cause of stroke ?

Lack of blood to the brain

74

Those who survive a stroke commonly have ...?

-paralysis
-walking disability
-speech impairment
-memory loss

75

To help prevent strokes/heart attacks, what should a person do?

Exercise for 60 min + / day

76

Who said "Good Docs, Good Meds, Good Tech", about fighting his cancer ?

Lance Armstrong

77

1 in 3 deaths could be prevented by not .... ?

Smoking/ excessively drinking.

78

What is Cancer?

The disease of abnormal cellular growth.

79

What are the 2 types of cancer ?

Benign / Malignant

80

Is a Benign Cancer Cancerous ?

No

81

Is a Malignant Cancer cancerous ?

Yes.

82

Def: Metastasize ?

Spreading of cancer cells from primary tumor to distant sites/organs.

83

Is cancer cause by purely genetics ?

No.

84

What are Carcinomas ?

The most common form of cancer.

85

What are Sarcomas ?

A rise from connective / fibrous tissue.

86

What are Lymphomas ?

Cancer of the Lymph nodes. (The body's infection fighting system.)

87

What is Leukemia ?

Cancer in the blood.

88

What is the most common cause of death in the US ?

Lung cancer.

89

Is lung cancer on the increase or decrease amount Wemen ?

Increase.

90

@ what age do Wemen mostly get breast cancer ?

Over Age 40

91

Prostate Cancer (Men) , the PSA blood Exam can have some ________ results.

Misleading.

92

Def.: Cervical Cancer vaccine can be taken at what age ?

11-12 y/o

93

Def.: Skin Cancer

Under rated forms of cancer. Known to be pearly modules / red scaly patches.

94

What is Malignant Melanoma Cancer ?

Dangerous form.

95

Who said "Good Docs, Good Meds, Good Tech", about fighting his cancer ?

Lance Armstrong

96

1 in 3 deaths could be prevented by not .... ?

Smoking/ excessively drinking.

97

What is Cancer?

The disease of abnormal cellular growth.

98

What are the 2 types of cancer ?

Benign / Malignant

99

Is a Benign Cancer Cancerous ?

No

100

Is a Malignant Cancer cancerous ?

Yes.

101

Def: Metastasize ?

Spreading of cancer cells from primary tumor to distant sites/organs.

102

Is cancer cause by purely genetics ?

No.

103

What are Carcinomas ?

The most common form of cancer.

104

What are Sarcomas ?

A rise from connective / fibrous tissue.

105

What are Lymphomas ?

Cancer of the Lymph nodes. (The body's infection fighting system.)

106

What is Leukemia ?

Cancer in the blood.

107

What is the most common cause of death in the US ?

Lung cancer.

108

Is lung cancer on the increase or decrease amount Wemen ?

Increase.

109

@ what age do Wemen mostly get breast cancer ?

Over Age 40

110

Prostate Cancer (Men) , the PSA blood Exam can have some ________ results.

Misleading.

111

Def.: Cervical Cancer vaccine can be taken at what age ?

11-12 y/o

112

Def.: Skin Cancer

Under rated forms of cancer. Known to be pearly modules / red scaly patches.

113

What is Malignant Melanoma Cancer ?

Dangerous form.