Flashcards in Challenges Of An Urbanising World Deck (36):
The increase in the percentage of people living in towns and cities, causing them to grow
Unregistered, often illegal jobs done by unemployed migrants, desperate for income e.g. selling cannabis
How many hours do people have to work for in a week in Lagos?
12 hr shift, 7 days a week
How much do people of Lagos get paid?
Daily pay = 45p (travel expenses = 27p) so they take home £5.33 per month
Where do the people of Lagos eat?
In the canteen, but they are paid by debt, so they leave work in debt
What don't the people of Lagos have? (3)
No medical care
No trade unions i.e. no civil rights (tribal politics used to reinforce behaviour)
No allowance for women walking to work at night / premises
When the capital city completely dominates life in the country, politically, economically and demographically
Why is there RUM in Lagos?
Rural to urban migration - Fulani herdsmen flee unreliable rainfall and civil unrest in the Jos Plateau (N Nigeria)
Push factors (reasons people leave Lagos) - Jos Plateau
Harsh Sub-Saharan Jos Plateau
Civil unrest in Jos Plateau
Pull factors (reasons people go to Lagos) - Nigeria
a TNC hub, leading to trade and commerce
International Migration for Lagos - Rich and poor
The elite on the artificial 'Banana Island' and 1.5 million live in slums, as workers are unable to find or afford formal housing
Movement from one sector of employment to another e.g. moving from primary to secondary sector
Industrial Land Use
Manufacturing - Normally 'heavy industrial uses' where large prices of land are required and pollution (air and sound) is likely to be high
Secondary sector jobs
Jobs where people take the raw materials passed by the primary sector and process them into manufactured goods
City Growth in Tijuana
Population growth has increased due to industries growing and increase in international migration
When did Suburbanisation grow up in Tijuana and what happened?
Grew up in the 1990s, the outlying areas of Tijuana grow out along the road network, or around hills and valleys
Closest city in Mexico to the USA and 2nd largest in Mexico
Global economic change
When the movement of one sector to another has a global impact on the world
Change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry
A sector in the employment process of which services are added to sell products, increasing jobs
Residential land use in Detroit
This is land that is used for housing, and has decreased quite a lot in Detroit over time
Opposite to urbanisation, people move from urban areas to rural areas.
Replacement of the physical fabric / infrastructure, making it more accessible
Commercial land use in Hamburg
94 residents and 355 local newspapers / hectare (high), yet only 37% open space
High tech research and design jobs e.g. BP
Top level managerial roles - entrepreneurial skills
Working conditions in Hamburg (3)
A range of jobs due to reurbanisation
People work for a decent number of hours with a good salary
Good working conditions
Planning regulations in Hamburg (5) - FLOUS
Flood plain zoning, low emissions, mixed offices / residential land, underground car park, sustained economic growth
Jobs which contribute to the economy that are taxed and monitored by the government
Why does Hamburg need to be regenerated in the first place, and what did it mean for the city?
As it was heavy bombed in WW2 by the UK, which meant that a global shift led to industrial decline on the port and a lot of damage to the city
Pull factors for Lagos - Oil
Oil is a major export and fishing
Pull factors for Lagos - Nollywood
Nollywood (Nigerian film industry)
Pull factors for Lagos - Increased spending
Increased spending creates a middle class that are now spending, creating 'service jobs'
What can suburbanisation do to Tijuana?
They can engulf surrounding villages and towns, threatening agricultural productivity
Push factors for Lagos - Fulani
Fulani herdsmen flee unreliable rainfall