Challenges Of An Urbanising World Flashcards Preview

Geography > Challenges Of An Urbanising World > Flashcards

Flashcards in Challenges Of An Urbanising World Deck (36):
1

Urbanisation

The increase in the percentage of people living in towns and cities, causing them to grow

2

Informal sector

Unregistered, often illegal jobs done by unemployed migrants, desperate for income e.g. selling cannabis

3

How many hours do people have to work for in a week in Lagos?

12 hr shift, 7 days a week

4

How much do people of Lagos get paid?

Daily pay = 45p (travel expenses = 27p) so they take home £5.33 per month

5

Where do the people of Lagos eat?

In the canteen, but they are paid by debt, so they leave work in debt

6

What don't the people of Lagos have? (3)

No medical care
No trade unions i.e. no civil rights (tribal politics used to reinforce behaviour)
No allowance for women walking to work at night / premises

7

Primacy

When the capital city completely dominates life in the country, politically, economically and demographically

8

Why is there RUM in Lagos?

Rural to urban migration - Fulani herdsmen flee unreliable rainfall and civil unrest in the Jos Plateau (N Nigeria)

9

Push factors (reasons people leave Lagos) - Jos Plateau

Harsh Sub-Saharan Jos Plateau
Civil unrest in Jos Plateau

10

Pull factors (reasons people go to Lagos) - Nigeria

a TNC hub, leading to trade and commerce

11

International Migration for Lagos - Rich and poor

The elite on the artificial 'Banana Island' and 1.5 million live in slums, as workers are unable to find or afford formal housing

12

Economic change

Movement from one sector of employment to another e.g. moving from primary to secondary sector

13

Industrial Land Use

Manufacturing - Normally 'heavy industrial uses' where large prices of land are required and pollution (air and sound) is likely to be high

14

Secondary sector jobs

Jobs where people take the raw materials passed by the primary sector and process them into manufactured goods

15

City Growth in Tijuana

Population growth has increased due to industries growing and increase in international migration

16

When did Suburbanisation grow up in Tijuana and what happened?

Grew up in the 1990s, the outlying areas of Tijuana grow out along the road network, or around hills and valleys

17

Tijuana

Closest city in Mexico to the USA and 2nd largest in Mexico

18

Global economic change

When the movement of one sector to another has a global impact on the world

19

Deindustrialisation

Change caused by the removal or reduction of industrial capacity especially heavy industry or manufacturing industry

20

Tertiary

A sector in the employment process of which services are added to sell products, increasing jobs

21

Residential land use in Detroit

This is land that is used for housing, and has decreased quite a lot in Detroit over time

22

Counter-urbanisation

Opposite to urbanisation, people move from urban areas to rural areas.

23

Regeneration

Replacement of the physical fabric / infrastructure, making it more accessible

24

Commercial land use in Hamburg

94 residents and 355 local newspapers / hectare (high), yet only 37% open space

25

Quaternary sector

High tech research and design jobs e.g. BP

26

Quinary sector

Top level managerial roles - entrepreneurial skills

27

Working conditions in Hamburg (3)

A range of jobs due to reurbanisation
People work for a decent number of hours with a good salary
Good working conditions

28

Planning regulations in Hamburg (5) - FLOUS

Flood plain zoning, low emissions, mixed offices / residential land, underground car park, sustained economic growth

29

Formal sector

Jobs which contribute to the economy that are taxed and monitored by the government

30

Why does Hamburg need to be regenerated in the first place, and what did it mean for the city?

As it was heavy bombed in WW2 by the UK, which meant that a global shift led to industrial decline on the port and a lot of damage to the city

31

Pull factors for Lagos - Oil

Oil is a major export and fishing

32

Pull factors for Lagos - Nollywood

Nollywood (Nigerian film industry)

33

Pull factors for Lagos - Increased spending

Increased spending creates a middle class that are now spending, creating 'service jobs'

34

What can suburbanisation do to Tijuana?

They can engulf surrounding villages and towns, threatening agricultural productivity

35

Push factors for Lagos - Fulani

Fulani herdsmen flee unreliable rainfall

36

Push factors for Lagos - militant groups

Militant groups e.g. Boko Haram