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Flashcards in Champagne Deck (29):
0

Primary grape varieties of champagne are:

Chardonnay, Pinot noir and Pinot meunier

1

What does each primary grape of champagne bring to the blend?

Chardonnay brings finesse and longevity

Pinot noir brings structure

Pinot meunier brings fruit character

2

What is the kind of climate in champagne

Northern continental

3

What is the soil type in champagne

Belemnite Chalk

-absorbs heat, high limestone content which leads to high acidity

4

What is remauage?

Riddling procedure that allows sediment to be easily removed from the bottle during disgorgement

5

What was the first house to release a tete de cuvée or prestigious cuvée

Moët and Chandon's Dom perignon in 1921

6

What is vin de taille?

The second level in quality for champagne (last 500 ml of a pressing)

7

What is bouvreaux?

Second crop that is left on the vine.

8

What are the 5 regions of champagne?

1. Montagne de Riem
2. Valle de la Marne
3. Côte de blancs
4. Côte de sezzane
5. Côte de bar (the aube)

9

Are cru statuses given to the house, the village, or the vineyard?

The village

10

How many cru villages have grand cru status?

17. (42 are premier cru)

11

What is a negociant manipulant?

Purchases grapes from growers and smaller houses. Most of the large houses are in this category.

12

What is a recoltant manipulant?

Grower producer that makes champagne from estate fruit 95% of grapes from vineyards.

13

What is rebeche?

1-10% of the total extraction from a pressing, that is required by law to be used for a distillate not champagne.

14

What is the limit for extraction of wine in champagne

102 L from 160 KG of grapes

15

What is vin de cuvée?

The first 2050 Liters of a pressing.

16

What is assemblage?

Blending of wines to create a cuvée

17

What is liqueur de tirage?

Still wine, yeast, and sugar

18

What is the cage called on a sparkling wine?

Muselet

19

How many months do NV champagne age for?

15 months ( 12 months on the lees, 3 months in bottle)

20

What is the sweetness level for brut champagne?

0-12g per liter

21

What are two still wines from chamapagne

Coteaux champagnoise and rose de riceys (100% Pinot noir)

22

What are other traditional method sparkling wines from France

1. Cremant de Bourgogne
2. Cremant de Bordeaux
3. Cremant de limoux
4. Cremant de die
5. Cremant de Loire
6. Cremant de Jura
7. Cremant de Alsace

23

What are the two only DOCG sparkling wines of Italy

Fraciacorta and altrepo pavese metodo classico

24

What is assemblage?

Blending of base wine

25

What is Madame barbe-Nicole Ponsardin best known for?

Creating riddling process for champagne

26

What was the first brut champagne on the market?

Pommery

27

What are some tete de cuvees of champagne?

• Moët and Chandon - Dom perignon
• Tattinger -comtes de champagne
• Louis Roederer - Cristal
• Laurent Perrier - Grande sicle
• Perrier Joet - Belle Époque
• Pol Roger - Cuvée sir Winston Churchill
• Ruinart - Dom Ruinart
• Vueve Cliqout Ponsardin - La grande Damme

28

What are the seven AOPS for Cremant wines in France

Bordeaux, Bourgogne, Loire, Limoux, Die, Jura, Alsace