Flashcards in Champagne Deck (29):
Primary grape varieties of champagne are:
Chardonnay, Pinot noir and Pinot meunier
What does each primary grape of champagne bring to the blend?
Chardonnay brings finesse and longevity
Pinot noir brings structure
Pinot meunier brings fruit character
What is the kind of climate in champagne
What is the soil type in champagne
-absorbs heat, high limestone content which leads to high acidity
What is remauage?
Riddling procedure that allows sediment to be easily removed from the bottle during disgorgement
What was the first house to release a tete de cuvée or prestigious cuvée
Moët and Chandon's Dom perignon in 1921
What is vin de taille?
The second level in quality for champagne (last 500 ml of a pressing)
What is bouvreaux?
Second crop that is left on the vine.
What are the 5 regions of champagne?
1. Montagne de Riem
2. Valle de la Marne
3. Côte de blancs
4. Côte de sezzane
5. Côte de bar (the aube)
Are cru statuses given to the house, the village, or the vineyard?
How many cru villages have grand cru status?
17. (42 are premier cru)
What is a negociant manipulant?
Purchases grapes from growers and smaller houses. Most of the large houses are in this category.
What is a recoltant manipulant?
Grower producer that makes champagne from estate fruit 95% of grapes from vineyards.
What is rebeche?
1-10% of the total extraction from a pressing, that is required by law to be used for a distillate not champagne.
What is the limit for extraction of wine in champagne
102 L from 160 KG of grapes
What is vin de cuvée?
The first 2050 Liters of a pressing.
What is assemblage?
Blending of wines to create a cuvée
What is liqueur de tirage?
Still wine, yeast, and sugar
What is the cage called on a sparkling wine?
How many months do NV champagne age for?
15 months ( 12 months on the lees, 3 months in bottle)
What is the sweetness level for brut champagne?
0-12g per liter
What are two still wines from chamapagne
Coteaux champagnoise and rose de riceys (100% Pinot noir)
What are other traditional method sparkling wines from France
1. Cremant de Bourgogne
2. Cremant de Bordeaux
3. Cremant de limoux
4. Cremant de die
5. Cremant de Loire
6. Cremant de Jura
7. Cremant de Alsace
What are the two only DOCG sparkling wines of Italy
Fraciacorta and altrepo pavese metodo classico
What is assemblage?
Blending of base wine
What is Madame barbe-Nicole Ponsardin best known for?
Creating riddling process for champagne
What was the first brut champagne on the market?
What are some tete de cuvees of champagne?
• Moët and Chandon - Dom perignon
• Tattinger -comtes de champagne
• Louis Roederer - Cristal
• Laurent Perrier - Grande sicle
• Perrier Joet - Belle Époque
• Pol Roger - Cuvée sir Winston Churchill
• Ruinart - Dom Ruinart
• Vueve Cliqout Ponsardin - La grande Damme