Changing Urban Environment: Urbanisation- Environmental issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Changing Urban Environment: Urbanisation- Environmental issues Deck (18)
1

What is RAPID URBANISATION and INDUSTRIALISATION?

where the economy of a country changes from agriculture to manufacturing.

2

The effects of WASTE disposal problems?

Damage people's health and the environment.
Especially if toxic.

3

Where does air pollution come from?
Name 3 things

Burning fuel.
Exhaust fumes.
Factories

4

What does water pollution carry?

Pollutants from cities.

5

Sewage and toxic chemicals from industry can cause?

Health problems.
Harmed wildlife.

6

Name 3 environmental problems caused by RAPID URBANISATION and INDUSTRIALISATION?

Waste disposal problems.
Water pollution.
Air pollution.

7

Why do poorer counties struggle to dispose of large amounts of waste that's created by rapid urbanisation?

Money
Infrastructure
Scale

8

Toxic waste has to be...

Treated which can be expensive.

9

Poor roads in squatter settlements mean?

Waste disposal lorries can't get in to collect rubbish.

10

The scale is...

HUGE.
Large city= thousands of tonnes of waste every day

11

Air pollution can lead to...

Acid rain which damages buildings and vegetation.

12

Air pollution can cause...

Head aces.
Bronchitis.

13

Air pollution has pollutants that can...

Destroy the ozone layer.
This protects us from the sun's harmful rays.

14

Name 2 ways to manage the air pollution?

Setting air quality standards.
Monitoring levels of pollutants.

15

Water pollution kills...

Fish and other aquatic wildlife.
Disrupts food chains.

16

Harmful chemicals can get into the food chain and...

Poison humans who eat fish from the polluted water.

17

Contamination of water supplies can lead to...

Spread of disease like typhoid.

18

Name 2 ways to manage the water pollution?

Building sewage treatment plants.
Force factories to remove pollutants from their waste water.

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