Chanson de Roland Flashcards Preview

Idea of France > Chanson de Roland > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chanson de Roland Deck (40):
1

one of the most iconic lines, comparing Roland and Oliver. An example of an impactful line coming from the caesura after the fourth syllable

Rollant est proz e Oliver est sage

2

formulaic language used throughout the poem, often comes before the caesura

'Trait Durendal', 'li quens Rollant'

3

ideal Frenchman; says he won't betray the 'geste', honour and great deeds

Deus me cunfunde, se la geste en desment!

4

frequently makes reference to his legacy and fame; knows he has to die to become an epic hero

Que malvaise cançun de nus chantet ne seit!

5

the loss is not a personal loss but a loss for France; manifests in a metaphorical storm

Franceis i perdent lor meillors guarnemenz;...En France en ad mult merveillus turment

6

their failure is presented as predestined at the beginning

Oez, seignurs, quel pecchet nus encumbret

7

Saracens shown to be image worshippers (including Apollo, a pagan god)

E l'astendart Tervagan e Mahum/E un ymagene Apolin le felun.

8

they even refer to their own army as pagans

Sunez vos graisles, que mi paien le sacent!

9

idea of counterfeit/disguise; they aren't true Christians but could be mistaken for them

Paien chavalchent en guise de produme.

10

Charlemagne's army forces them to be baptised; religion the only separation between them?

Meinent pain entresqu'al baptisterie

11

Oliver is pragmatic but Roland would rather die than lose his reputation as a warrior

En dulce France en perdreie mun los.

12

in laisses similaires 83 and 84, repeatedly talks about blood

'Sanglant en ert li branz entresqu'a l'or', 'Tut en verrez le brant ensanglentet'

13

sacrifice also for religious reasons?

'Ne placet Deu', 'Ne placet Damnedeu ne ses angles'

14

motivation of money; Saracens described as very rich

Lacet sun else, ki ad or est gemmet

15

Charlemagne inspires great love and loyalty and returns this love

Ne poet müer n’en plurt e ne s’dement,/
E priët Deu qu’as anmes seit guarent.

16

final image of Charlemagne is one full of pathos

'Deus!' dist li reis, 'si penuse est ma vie!/Pluret des oilz, sa barbe blanche tiret.'

17

Ganelon described as being similar to Roland; wise and capable

Dient Franceis: 'Car il le poet bien faire;/se lui lessez, n'i trametrez plus saive.'

18

however, he is known to be a traitor right from the beginning

Guenes i vint, ki la traïsun fist.

19

Ganelon tries to emphasise he committed personal vengeance rather than treason to the crown

Je desfiai Rollant le poigneor/E Oliver e tuiz lur cumpaignun;/Carles l'oïd e si nobilie baron./Venget m'en sui, mais n'i ad traïsun

20

Thierry insists on the feudal relationship between knight and king; Roland should have been protected as he served Charlemagne

Que que Rollant a Guenelun forsfeisit,/vostre servise l'en doüst bien guarir/Guenes est fels d'iso qu'il le traït

21

laisses similaires; ideology of personal honour

Ne vos ait hume ki pur altre fuliet!/Mult bon vassal vos ad lung tens tenue:/Jamais n'ert tel en France l'absolue

22

laisses similaires; ideology of religion

E! Durendal, cum es bele e seintisme!/En l'oriet punt asez i ad reliques:/la dent seint Perre e del sanc seint Basilie...Il nen est dreiz que paiens te baillissent

23

laisses similaires; ideology of nation

Jo l'en cunquis e Escoce e Vales Islonde,/E Engleterre, que il teneit sa cambre/Cunquis l'en ai païs e teres tantes

24

Joseph Bédier, 'Les Légendes Epiques' (1913); spirit of nation found in La Chanson de Roland

nous savons que ce fut un 'Franc de France', et nous retrouvons dans son oeuvre ce qu'il y a de plus spécifiquement national en notre poésie, le sens classique des proportions, la clarté, la sobriété, la force harmonieuse. Nous y reconnaissons l'esprit de notre nation

25

Joseph Bédier, 'Les Légendes Epiques' (1913); understanding of names for France

a trouvé pour notre patrie la caresse de ces noms 'douce France', 'France la libre', nous témoigne avec quelle simplicité s'est fait l'unité française. Sa 'douce France' est précisement la nôtre, avec les Lorrains comme aujourd'hui...

26

Jane Gilbert, 'La Chanson de Roland' in The Cambridge Companion to Medieval French Literature' describes Roland as encouraging...

'a romantic conception of France'

27

Jane Gilbert, 'La Chanson de Roland', the heroes are

combative, passionate, pious, unwavering in their commitment...personify virtues foundational to French collective identity

28

Jane Gilbert, 'La Chanson de Roland', assonanced version much less clear on morality of characters

their actions are set within an assortment of sometimes overlapping, sometimes contradictory ethical and strategic frameworks

29

Pierre Nora; describes lieux de mémoire as

a symbolic element of the memorial heritage of any community

30

Pierre Nora on memory

Memory is constantly on our lips because it no longer exists

31

Pierre Nora again on lieu de mémoire

hybrid places, mutants in a sense, compounded of life and death, of the temporal and the eternal

32

Jane Gilbert; lasting impact of the assonanced version

the assonanced Roland tradition rejects either form of closure and keeps open the wound by emphasising the uncertain value of what is lost in Roland

33

Jane Gilbert; techniques create a...

a kind of perpetual present

34

chanson de geste definition in Le Petit Robert

long poème où le merveilleux se mêle au vrai, la légende à l'histoire et dont le but est de célébrer un héros ou un grand fait

35

definition of decosyllabic

10 syllable line, usually split into 4 and 6 syllables by the caesura

36

definition of assonance

last stressed vowel in a stanza is the same as the first. Not as strong as rhyming but means there is a repeated sound

37

definition of epic caesura

additional syllable in first section of line, usually a feminine ending which means there is an additional stress

38

definition of parataxis

juxtaposition of clauses with little indication of how the clauses fit together i.e. no and/but/if/though etc. This mimics oral language

39

what are the three different types of chanson de geste

1) gestes du roi; about Roland and Charlemagne
2) gestes du Guillaume d'Orange; bailing out Charlemagne's worthless son
3) gestes de Doon de Mayence; rebel barons, frequently bloodthirsty and violent

40

when was Oxford Roland discovered and published?

1837